|Of the plant to the consumer price of the energy goes up 171%
The price of 1 charged Megawatt/hora of the final consumer in Brazil is,
in average, 171,25% more expensive than the tariff charged for the generating
plants to supply to this volume of energy exactly. As data of the National
Agency of Electric Energy (Aneel), in ciphers, difference reaches R$ 68.50
and corresponds to a series of taxes, taxes and parcels defined for the federal
government that are applied on the initial value.
Since 1998, the tariff charged for the generating plants of energy of the
deliverers of the Country follows a table defined for the government. The
MW/h is sold R$ 40. In the other tip, the average value of supply of energy
for the deliverers to the final consumers reaches R$ 108.50. Included the
aliquot average of 25% of the Tax on Circulation of Merchandises and
Serviços (ICMS), the account for the consumer arrives R$ 135.62, in
This tarifária structure comes being contested for the secretary of
Energy of the Ministry of Mines and Energy, Alfonso Enriques Moreira Santos,
who still defends the rub-out of all " " the penduricalhos added to the tariff
charged for the generators and the reduction of the incident taxes.
It argues that this model becomes the path of little attractive
generation of energy for the private investors. Without this
injection of features, full the secretary, will be impossible to take ahead
a consistent plan of magnifying of offers of energy in Brazil.
In accordance with the Aneel, all the mentioned values are average. Or either,
they integrally do not reflect the conditions of the final consumer in the
different regions of the Country. For example: the energy proceeding from
Itaipú, that also supplies São Paulo, has its value stipulated
in dollar and, therefore, it tends to be more expensive than the electricity
generated in exclusively national plants, that they charge in Reals. Another
example: the residential consumer always coffer with one tariffs greater
that of the industry, the agricultural commerce and the area.
To detail what he happens with the final value of the tariff the Aneel he
presented, as example, the accounts of the Eletropaulo in 2000. The deliverer
sells the MW/h for R$ 126.34, in average. Of this total, 43,8% are also
equivalent to the purchase of the energy and to a small parcel destined to
the cities that had had areas flooded for the dams of hidroelétricas.
Another slice, of 5.9%, is destined to the payment of three incubencies -
deep it Union to assume the assets of the energy concessionaires, to the
object of the agreement of 30 years, a deep one that it subsidizes the purchase
of the insumos of thermal plants and a tax of fiscalization of energy jobs.
Plus a 6.9% parcel it is spent by the Eletropaulo as payment for the use
of the basic networks of transmission and connection of energy. The transmission
of the electricity of Itaipú corrodes more 0,75% of the final tariff.
In the end of the accounts, the expenses with the bought energy and all these
you add correspond 57,44% of the price that is paid for the consumer. Each
item of this set is classified as não-gerenciável cost for
the Aneel. Or either, the deliverer does not have no control on them. Its
duty is to pay them - and to repass them for the supply tariff.
The Eletropaulo only goes to have freedom to decide some values in the calls
managemental costs - the parcel that to sobrar of its raw prescription. Excluded
the slice of 3.65%, that it corresponds to the collect of the PIS/Cofins,
the parcel of 42.6% of the final tariff is destined its operational expenditures
and of maintenance and also to its remuneration.
This set of costs you managed is readjusted to each in agreement year the
variation of IGP-M, one of the indices of inflation measured by the Getúlio
Foundation Vargas. But to each four years, the Aneel can make an ample
auditorship in the accounts of the company. If a yield higher will be verified
than the foreseen one in the beginning of the contract, the Eletropaulo can
be obliged to reduce the value of the tariff to the consumer. In case that
contrary, the energy can be more expensive.
according to Aneel, the Eletropaulo estimates a total prescription of R$
4.939 billion to the year. Of this sum, the company has to deduce the costs
obligatorily not-managed - something as R$ 2.833 billion. R$ 2.106 remaining
billion is destined its expenditures and its profit.