|Eintime Conversion for education and research 04-08-2008 @
Copyrighted by originating associated source: Original
"FROM THOSE WONDERFUL FOLKS WHO BROUGHT YOU THE INQUISITION!"
"What profit has not that fable of Christ brought us!"
Pope Leo X (Encyc. Brit., 14th Ed. xix, pg. 217) ;
"A curse on him who is lax in doing the LORD's work! A curse on him who keeps his sword from bloodshed!" ; -- Jeremiah 48:10, Motto of Pope Gregory VII.
"Kill them all. Let God sort them out!" -- Attributed to various sources, including Pope Innocent III, Abbot Arnold Amaury, and Saint Dominic, at the genocide of the Albigensians. ;
"I am surrounded by priests who repeat incessantly that their kingdom is not of this world, and yet they lay their hands on everything they can get." Napoleon Bonaparte
I contend that we are both atheists. I just believe in one fewer god than
you do. When you understand why you dismiss all the other possible gods,
you will understand why I dismiss yours.
~ Stephen Roberts
Man is certainly stark mad: he cannot make a worm, yet he will make gods
by the dozen.
~ Michel de Montaigne
We, on our side, are praying to Him to give us victory, because we believe
we are right; but those on the other side pray to Him, too, for victory,
believing they are right. What must He think of us?
~ Abraham Lincoln
Which is it, is man one of God's blunders or is God one of man's?
Men will never be free until the last king is strangled with the entrails
of the last priest.
~ Denis Diderot
Invisible Pink Unicorns are beings of awesome mystical power. We know this
because they manage to be invisible and pink at the same time. Like all
religions, the Faith of the Invisible Pink Unicorns is based upon both logic
and faith. We have faith that they are pink; we logically know that they
are invisible because we can't see them.
~ Steve Eley
All great truths begin as blasphemies.
~ George Bernard Shaw
If you can conceive of morality without god, why can you not conceive of
society without government?
~ Peter Saint-André
The philosopher has never killed any priests, whereas the priest has killed
a great many philosophers.
~ Denis Diderot
A man's ethical behavior should be based effectually on sympathy, education,
and social ties and needs; no religious basis is necessary. Man would indeed
be in a poor way if he had to be restrained by fear of punishment and hope
of reward after death.
~ Albert Einstein
If you talk to God, you are praying. If God talks to you, you have schizophrenia.
~ Thomas Szasz
It was, of course, a lie what you read about my religious convictions, a
lie which is being systematically repeated. I do not believe in a personal
god and I have never denied this but have expressed it clearly. If something
is in me which can be called religious, then it is the unbounded admiration
for the structure of the world so far as our science can reveal it.
~ Albert Einstein
You know your god is man-made when he hates all the same people you do.
One man's magic is another man's engineering. Supernatural is a null word.
~ Robert Heinlein
We must question the story logic of having an all-knowing all-powerful God,
who creates faulty humans, and then blames them for his own mistakes.
~ Gene Roddenberry
As with the Christian religion, the worst advertisement for Socialism is
~ George Orwell
Religion is what keeps the poor from murdering the rich.
If child molestation is actually your concern, how come we don't see Bradley
tanks knocking down Catholic churches?
~ Bill Hicks, 1993, referencing the Waco siege
Do you see now that your self-righteousness was nothing more than breeding
and years of privilege? You know, we are one nation under a god. Yes, you
were right. An angry, crack slinging god who decorates with bullets and spent
condoms, a blind god whose eyes are just like yours.
~ Solipsist by Henry Rollins
Religion, comprises a system of wishful illusions together with a disavowal
of reality, such as we find in an isolated form nowhere else but in amentia,
in a state of blissful hallucinatory confusion.
~ Sigmund Freud
The ink of the scholar is holier than the blood of the martyr.
~ Prophet Muhammad
Men are not punished for their sins, but by them.
~ Elbert G Hubbard
I like your Christ; I do not like your Christians. Your Christians are so
unlike your Christ.
~ Mohandas Gandhi
The same people that wrote the bible thought the world was flat.
~ Unknown - (disputed)
If god created us in his image we have certainly returned the compliment.
The Bible devotes some 500 verses on prayer, less than 500 verses on faith, but over 2000 verses on money and possessions.
; Quite a few people have asked why I put this page together. They argue that even if I am correct, and that there are no gods, what can the harm be in letting others believe in gods and goddesses.
; My answer is that I have no problem with people believing what they want, so long as their beliefs are NOT used as an excuse to inflict harm upon others, extract wealth from them, enslave them, or to justify wars. My problem is with organizations created solely to exploit myths and beliefs for wealth and commercial power. History proves that religion is a tool of human enslavement. Even the Bible approves of slavery.
LEVITICUS 25:44-46 ; As for your male and female slaves whom you may have; you may buy male and female ; slaves from among the nations that are round you. You may also buy from among the strangers who sojourn with you and their families that are with you, who have been born in your land; and they may be your property. You may bequeath them to your sons and after you, to inherit as a possession forever; you may make slaves of them, but over your brethren the people of Israel you shall not rule, one over the other, with harshness.
No religion has ever set its followers free from the oppressions of the organized hierarchy of that religion (with the possible exception of the historical Jesus himself). Religion teaches unquestioning obedience. Religion is slavery. I oppose such slavery as earnestly and staunchly as my ancestors opposed the slave ships and the slave policies of the Confederacy.
; I am not anti god (for one can hardly oppose something which does not exist). I simply wish to set people free from all forms of oppression and exploitation.
; The ruling elite loves a population trained from birth to confuse beliefs with the real world. It is much easier to rule a population, pillage them with taxes, or send them off to fight a war, if the ruler is not required to prove the reality of his or her propositions and statements. This is why, since the dawn of civilizations, governments encourage their people to be ruled by beliefs and not by reason. It takes chains of steel to enslave a rational human, but all the rest may be enslaved by a belief.
1. DOES BELIEF ALONE PROVE THE EXISTENCE OF THE GODS?
; Throughout history, a wide variety of religions worshiping Molech, Baal, Odin, Jupiter, Zeus, Ahura Mazda, Jehovah, Allah, Quetzalcoatl, Coatlicue, Vishna, and others far too numerous to elucidate here have come and gone.
; The followers of each of these religions believed that theirs was the true faith and contained within it the correct answers to life's great questions. All too often, as will be seen below, followers of a faith were ever eager to cut the throats of those who disagreed with them.
; But on many of the most basic aspects, mankind's multitude of religious thoughts contradict each other. On what would seem to be the most basic truth of all, just how many gods there are, the various religions throughout the world are in complete disagreement. It therefore follows that most of the world's religions, if indeed not all of them, do not have the correct answer to the basic question of how many gods there are. They cannot. For one to be correct means the others are incorrect. Yet the followers of each religion believe they are correct, even though this is impossible.
; Ergo, belief that one is correct is not in and of itself proof that one is correct.
2. PROOF THAT THERE ARE NO GODS.
If one posits the existence of a god or gods able to communicate their presence to human minds, then as an inevitable result of the existence of that god or gods, it would be expected that all humans, or at least the priests who claim communications with the god(s), would have a unanimity of opinion as to how many gods there are.
Likewise, if one posits the existence of a god or gods able to communicate their existence to human minds, then as an inevitable result of the existence of that god or gods, able to communicate to human minds, all theologies would be in accord, and there would be no need for missionaries, let alone inquisitions and holy crusades.
But there is a diversity of opinions as to how many gods there are. And there are missionaries, crusades, the inquisition, and the burning of a million heretics.
The world is not as it would be if there was a god or gods which could communicate their existence to the minds of humankind. None of the conditions which must inevitably follow the existence of a god or gods able to communicate their existence to the minds of humankind can be found anywhere on Earth.
Quod Erat Demonstrandum, no such gods exist.
3. WHAT IS THE TRUE NATURE OF RELIGION?
; Our knowledge of what we think the world to be is largely determined by what we are taught in our youth, usually at an age before we understand that there is such a thing as deception. Lessons learned at an early age become the core of emerging personality, and even when recognized as being in error, can be unlearned only through an intense effort of will.
; One of the most common devices used to teach falsehoods is the "everybody knows" method. Such lessons are above the need for proof and are never questioned because, after all, "everybody knows"...
; For example, "Everybody knows" that religion is generally a source of good. But those who hold such an opinion are woefully ignorant of the actual facts, which show that religion, throughout its long and bloodstained history, has been a tool of enslavement. The Egyptians built the pyramids by promising the workers a life after death. The Vikings made the price of the afterlife to die with a sword in ones hand. The families of the Crusaders gained heaven only through the bloody deeds of the Crusader himself.
; "Heresy" is a bad word to Christians. But to know why, you need to understand what the word actually means. "Heresy" comes from the Greek "hairesis", meaning "free choice". That's what religion opposes when it opposes heresy; free choice. Heretics are people who decide for themselves what to think and when to think it. Religions do not like that sort of behavior. They burn heretics.
; It is not possible to understand Christianity by reading only the Bible, no more than it is possible to understand the Nazis by reading only the propaganda written by Joseph Goebels. Just as Goebels' propaganda was prone to show the Nazis in the best possible light, so too is the Bible a work designed to convince the unwary that Christians are peaceful harmless individuals concerned only with the spiritual well being of all they encounter. The Bible is biased. The Bible is spin. The Bible presents less than the complete truth.
; To learn the reality behind Christianity, like the reality behind the Nazis, it is necessary to eschew what is said in favor of what is actually done.
4. JESUS, THE HERETIC
; Up to the time of the historical Jesus, communication with the gods was exclusively the province of the priests. The common folk were not allowed to look on the gods, or even to speak their names. Only the priests were empowered to intercede with the gods, for which service they extorted (as they do to this very day) a heavy toll.
; The historical Jesus introduced a daring new idea; that everyone could talk to their god directly, without a priest. Even in the canonical Bible, in Luke, the Lord's Prayer is introduced when one of Jesus' followers asks him how to pray. This is an important clue, since it reveals that the people of the historical Jesus' time did not know how to pray. It was a skill they had been told was forbidden to them. Likewise, in the Gospel of Saint Thomas (admitted even by the church to be the only surviving contemporaneous record of the words of the historical Jesus but still declared a heresy) ; the historical Jesus speaks of God as being not in the sky, not hidden in mansions of wood or stone, but being everywhere, available to all people at all times.
; This one idea, that ordinary people could communicate to their gods directly without priests or temples, although quite acceptable today, was radical in the extreme in Jesus' time! The idea that common people could pray directly to the gods was a heresy and a dangerous threat to the power and wealth not only of the Jewish Sanhedron, but to the Roman temples as well. The historical Jesus broke the toll gate to heaven; giving to the people for free what the priests of the temples had always charged for, access to the gods!
; The historical Jesus himself lived in relative poverty. There is no indication that he ever passed a collection plate, or solicited money for his teachings. The incident with the money changers at the temple showed the disdain that the historical Jesus had for churches as financial operations.
; Jesus himself came from a moneyed family. While the church portrays Jesus and his father as poor carpenters as part of the program to persuade church followers to live poor lives (thereby donating the excess to the church), there is nothing in the original Biblical texts that refers to Joseph's actual occupation. He is described merely as a "Master of the craft" (meaning simply, "A scholarly person"), which early translators mistranslated into "Craftsman", then in English to "Carpenter".
; Following the departure of the historical Jesus, virtually everyone
in the religion "business" would have immediately set about moving the gods
back into a remote heaven, behind locked doors to which the priests alone
held the keys. A vital clue to this agenda lies in the Lord's Prayer itself.
The commonly accepted English translation of the first line goes, "Our Father,
who art in Heaven...", yet an examination of the original Aramaic reveals
that this is a deliberate mistranslation of, "Our Father, which art
5. THE "OTHER" CHURCH OF JESUS.
; There are numerous indications that, contrary to Catholic dogma, there was a Christian church that existed separate from the early Catholics, a church that was a major threat to the early Catholics because it laid a claim to the historical Jesus the Catholics could not compete with, one of blood lineage!
; This is a much stronger claim to the church of Christ than the Catholics could produce, since their claim to rulership is based on "Apostolic descent" in a supposed unbroken line from Saint Peter, who is popularly portrayed as the first Bishop of Rome. Yet an examination of the Vatican's own records shows that Peter was never a Bishop, of Rome or anywhere else for that matter. The real first Bishop of Rome, according to Vatican records, was Prince Linus of Britain, the son of Caractacus the Pendragon. He was installed by St. Paul in AD 58, during Peter's own lifetime. Peter never got a shot at that center seat.
; One clue lies in the story of the quest for the Holy Grail. Christians are taught that the Grail is the cup used for Passover by Jesus, which was then "the vessel that caught the blood" of the crucified Jesus. Throughout the years, the Catholic church has taught that "Grail" means "cup". But the word "Grail" does not appear in the Bible, nor even the story of the Passover cup being used to catch the blood of Jesus. It is not until the year 1207 that any literary works can be found that describe the Grail as a cup. Prior to that, ; the "the vessel that caught the blood of Jesus" is always written as "Sangrael", which translates literally as "Blood royal", as in "bloodline", or lineage. Thus, the "the vessel that caught the blood" of the historical Jesus was not a drinking cup that grabbed a horrid souvenir of his crucifixion, but the woman who carried his heredity, Mary Magdalene!
; Clearly, a group of Christians led by the actual descendants of the historical Jesus was something the early Catholics would not have been able to compete with. So, the existence of such a lineage had to be hidden from the followers of the early Catholic church. The metaphor of the "the vessel that caught the blood royal" was popularly portrayed as a cup, something that wasn't a threat to the Catholics because no amount of searching would ever find it. If fools thought they were looking for a cup, then they were NOT looking for the historical Jesus' descendants. Meanwhile, to further discourage the idea of a dynastic lineage from Jesus, women were quickly excluded from any positions within the early orthodox Christian church, and the women in Jesus' life were made to seem as abnormal as possible, with Mary Magdalene portrayed as a whore, and Jesus' mother portrayed as bearing a child without sex.
; On examination of the claim of a virgin birth, we find yet another of the
modern day Bible's egregious mistranslations.
The original Latin word describing Mary was, "Virgo", which means only that she was a young woman. The Latin words for a young women without sexual experience, "Virgo intacta" do not appear in the Latin biblical texts which predate the modern Bible. That the claim of a virgin birth was not in the original Bible is further revealed by the fact that Jesus' patriarchal lineage back to King David, which would be irrelevant in the context of a virgin birth without an earthly father, is listed in the Bible (That Jesus family were descendants of King David is another clue that their livelihood did not depend on carpentry). ;
; The early Catholic church was a huge profit machine. The historical Jesus had taught that Christianity did not require an expensive priesthood or "mansions of wood and stone", and over time, the Catholic papacy attained an advantage in wealth and political power over the growing church of the descendants of the historical Jesus, then centered in Southern France, and set out to exterminate them.
; This is the story of the Cathars and the Merovingian Kings, declared en masse to be heretics by the Catholics and exterminated. The official pretext given was the failure by the Cathars to pay a tax to the Catholics. But in an age when the Catholics were regularly setting out to exterminate the Jews, one more group of non Catholics on the hate list did not seem strange.
; What was strange was the treatment of devout Catholics living in the Cathar lands. When Domingo De Guzman, commander of the Pope's forces, prepared to storm the city of Carcasonne, last stronghold of the Albigensians, a subordinate asked what was to be done to preserve the lives of the devout Catholics known to live within the city walls. Domingo De Guzman replied with the quote seen at the top of this page, "Kill them all, let God sort them out", which is exactly what the Pope's forces did.
; Most people would regard the killing of loyal followers of the invading church as a particularly psychotic act, but the Catholic church applauded this act of butchery and eventually made Domingo De Guzman into Saint Dominic.
; This massacre of devout Catholics within the city and the rewarding of their killer with a sainthood makes sense only if the Catholic church thought that the Catholics living with the Cathars had learned something from the Cathars that they were never supposed to know; such as the possability that Jesus had left living descendants. This was a knowledge so threatening to the Catholic church that even those who merely knew of it had to be exterminated!
; Eventually, the extermination of the Cathars resulted in the murder of
half the population of Southern France. Following
the war, the Catholics established the Office of the Holy Inquisition, and
while its reign of terror touched many groups (including the Rivero family
in Spain), and murdered many millions of people, its primary focus remained
hunting down and killing every single Cathar, with the last known one being
burned at the stake in 1324, taking with him (it was assumed) the terrible
secret that the Catholic church, even as it exploited the image of the historical
Jesus to enrich and empower itself, had hunted down and killed that same
6. THE ORTHDOX NEW TESTAMENT WAS NOT WRITTEN BY ANYONE WHO KNEW THE HISTORICAL JESUS.
; The earliest known fragment of the Gospel of John dates from 130 C.E. The first collection of texts now called the Bible appears to have been assembled around 250 C.E. from texts written long after the historical Jesus died. None of the books of the new testament were written by the original apostles for whom they are named. Out of some 30 known gospels at the time, the early Christians chose only 4 to go in the Bible, not because of their literary merit, but because the Earth had four compass points, and (it was believed) four corners, and four winds. Strangely, there are texts which were written while the historical Jesus was still alive, but these were not only ignored but destroyed by early Christians during the struggle to define the orthodoxy. Fortunately, copies of these gospels which were hidden to protect them were discovered at Nag Hammadi. Still other texts, such as Moses' book on magic spells, were arbitrarily consigned to the "Apocrypha". All texts, the bible included, were withheld from the congregations. Only the priests could read them. The congregations were kept ignorant of the gospels and were fed stories of witches, demons, satyrs, incubi, sirens, cyclops, tritons, etc., to keep them in a permanent state of fear. The early church ruled the people by terror.
; Much of the history of the dark side of the church (to follow) was recorded by the clergy themselves, writing their journals in an age when the congregations were discouraged from learning to read. The hideous crimes and atrocities were set down by men confident that the common people would never be able to read their written words.
; The oldest texts in the accepted canonical Bible are those of Saul of Tarsus (Saint Paul), but he never met the historical Jesus (although Paul was convinced that Jesus would return to Earth in his lifetime), nor do his writings indicate the existence of the modern gospels as they are known today in his time. Saint Paul did not become Christian until he was 30, but had been raised as a Mithraist, which is why so much Mithraic influence is seen in his writings. Early Christians desired to separate theologically from the Jews as quickly as possible, so the "Paulist Doctrines" became the accepted heart of modern Christianity, Mithraic influence and all.
; It was at this time that the Essene word meaning "revive" was mistranslated to read "resurrect" and the myth of Jesus' coming back from the dead (an idea copied from the Mithraists, as well as Ishtar, Osiris, and other myths) was created. To the historical telling of the crucifixion was added the story of a Roman soldier stabbing Jesus in the side with a spear to make certain he was dead, but it's equally clear that this was written by someone with no knowledge of anatomy, Roman metallurgy, or how to handle a spear. Trying to stab through to the heart of someone on a cross from the side would be impossible because of the ribs. Someone who knew how to use a spear would stab through from the front, into the abdomen below the sternum and then thrust up. The tale of the spear through the side is a fiction invented years after the fact to counter questions raised by other aspects of the account of the "crucifixion" which suggested that the historical Jesus actually survived his ordeal.
; Much of the early Christian symbolism was copied from other then popular religions, apparently to make the new religion more acceptable. The ritual of the making of the sign of the cross predates the time of Jesus and is a symbol for the Mithraic god of good, represented by the sun. Early Christians, despite the old testament reference to the Sabbath being the 7th day of the week, placed their day of worship right on top of that of the Mithraists, the FIRST day of the week, The "Sun day" Likewise, ignoring the biblical reference that the historical Jesus was born in "lambing time", the early Christians placed their celebration for the birth of Jesus at the Winter Solstice, over the Roman feast of the Saturnalia and the major creation festival of Mithra. The "loaves and fishes" as a ritual meal was also Mithraic in origin, as was the story of a final day of judgment when the dead are all raised from the grave and the wicked sent to eternal fire. The "flesh and blood" ritual sacrifice at the heart of communion also has roots in Mithraic ritual, and evidence of the transition appears in the Epistle to the Hebrews. The spring festival of Ishtar became "Easter", and so on, the early Christia ns building their new religion by copying what worked in other, older religions. Whereas the old testament makes little mention of an separate afterlife for the wicked, or of an evil god, both concepts were copied from Zoroastrianism/Mithraism and into the New Testament.
7. THE BIBLE IS NOT SCIENCE
; There is in this nation, as there was in pre-Nazi Germany, pre-Mussolini Italy, and pre-Franco Spain, a battle being waged over whether the public tax funded schools should teach science in the classrooms, or religious indoctrination in the form of creationism.
; Let us be clear; the Bible is NOT in any way, shape, or form, a book of scientific truths. Among the numerous absurdities contained in the Bible is the claim that the Earth is flat, rests on gigantic pillars and does not move at all. Despite numerous space flights, and a simple experiment with a pendulum any high school student can perform, the Christians still insist that the Earth is flat, rests on gigantic pillars and does not move at all, because the Bible is the perfect word of their god, and cannot be in error. It is from among people of this mind set that we see hear claims that the entire space program is a fake, that the Apollo moon landings never really happened, and that NASA is concealing photos which would show the giant pillars supporting the Earth.
; The reason Christians are willing to cling to such outrageous nonsense is that were they to admit that the Earth DOES move, then the claims of the Bible being a perfect source of knowledge must evaporate, taking with it the story of human creation by their god.
; This strange intractability in the face of overwhelming evidence contradicting the biblical mythology becomes understandable when one realizes that the issue under debate is not truth or reality, but ownership of the human race.
; All religions teach that their gods created humans, with the implication that humans are therefore under an obligation to those gods which the priests are empowered to collect on their behalf. People who do not believe religious myths can no longer be exploited by the priests of that religion. Hence, priests will continue to teach that the Earth is flat, rests on gigantic pillars and does not move at all, because that is how they transform rational human beings into belief-slaves from which they can extract money.
03/24/02 ; Sidebar: ; The "Big Bang" is Just Religion Disguised as Science
8. A QUICK NOTE ON THE WITCHCRAFT HYSTERIA
; The word "witch" comes from the same root word as "wit", meaning wisdom. The class of people targeted as witches by the Christian church were herbalists and folk healers. Able to effect cures among the sick, they were a direct threat to the church, which held that all illnesses were God's will and that cures were available only to those who prayed in their churches and tossed a few coins into the collection plates.
; The witch hysteria was the product of several overlapping phenomenon.
; First were the witches themselves, who along with their herbal cures, indulged in the recreational pharmaceuticals of their day. Chief among these was Ergot, a mold which grew on rye bread, then the most common bread to be found in Europe. In high doses it was highly toxic, often used as a murder weapon. In lower doses, it was a powerful hallucinogenic, and formed the core ingredient of all the various potions and mixes designed to induce visions and hallucinations. So prevalent was Ergot that it is even mentioned in Shakespeare's "Macbeth".
; The most common use of Ergot was in "flying ointment". This potion did
not enable anyone to fly, it merely caused dreams of flying off to strange
and magical places. To avoid the toxic side effects of the Ergot, the ointment
was applied to the skin. Female witches would run the ointment on a smooth
wooden pole, usually a broom handle, and rub themselves on it, adding powerful
sexual gratifications to the drug induced hallucinations.
From Bayonne, an 17th century illustration of a witch applying "flying ointment".
; To the uneducated common folk of the time, the sight of a young nude women
writhing in ecstasy on her broom handle would have seemed strange and
frightening, and is (with the addition of clothing and the pointed cap of
the heretic) the origin of the traditional image of a witch riding her
Hans Grun, exact date unknown. An old witch, using a pitchfork instead of a broom (any old pole in a storm) summons a young witch.
; The Ergot itself became a major health problem. Being so much in use by the herbalists, it began to infect all rye bread. Fresh baked rye bread was not a problem, but as European civilization moved from smaller villages to larger cities, the rye bread could sit for a day or more on the market shelf or in a wagon before being purchased and consumed, long enough for Ergot to grow. People began to suffer unplanned drug trips and did not understand what was happening to them.
; The final component for the witch hysteria was the church itself, which had been losing its iron grip on the populations of Europe. Villages which had been built around the churches and cathedrals in the 13th and 14th centuries were now being centered on the market places. IN order to reassert its dominion over the people. the church promoted the view that the unplanned drug trips from rye bread carrying the Ergot mold were actually demonic possessions, brought on by the witches, and curable only by total and complete submission to the church.
; To justify the persecutions of the witches, the church relied upon the Biblical quote, "Thou shalt not suffer a witch to live." But this is yet another of the Bible's infamous mistranslations, for in the original Aramaic, the text reads, "Thou shalt not suffer a poisoner to live."
; There followed centuries of the most hideous bloodshed and atrocities imaginable as the church terrorized all of Europe with the witch trials and grew fabulously wealthy in the process from the confiscated lands.
; The vast majority of the condemned died without their names being recorded. In many areas of Europe the records of the witch trials have been destroyed as an embarrassment to the church. The few surviving names I have collected here are shown in a smaller typeface not because their deaths are unimportant, but simply because there are so many of them. The names cited in this list as having been tried and executed for heresy and witchcraft are representative only. Of the estimated half million victims of the witchcraft trials, only a few names and dates have survived. Most victims remain anonymous. Very few records remain naming those who were tortured and then released.
9. COLOR CODES
; Every once in a while, some Christian or other charlatan will announce that the world is soon to end, then ask for an "extra special effort" to help the ministry, with "extra special effort" meaning to send in money. There is nothing new to this practice; Christians have been predicting the end of the world and asking for donations based on those predictions since they opened for business. Some of the more notorious flops in the "End Of The World" prophecy biz are noted in red.
; Facts relating to the life of the historical Jesus (as opposed to the myth created by the Christian church) are noted in blue.
; Mistranslations of the original Greek, Essene, and Aramaic texts by the
English version of the Bible are noted in orange.
( You may click on some images to see larger versions)
Moses, as a child in the home of Pharaoh, read the contents of the Pharaoh's library. Stories such as the Epic of Gilgamesh formed the basis for Moses' own writings which became the core of the Hebrew faith and the Christian Old Testament. Among the stories copied from the Epic of Gilgamesh was the story of the great flood and the building of the Ark. The Epic of Gilgamesh predates the old testament by at least 500 years. There is compelling evidence that the man known today as Moses was actually a Prince of Egypt himself, Amenhotep IV, who was overthrown and deposed for attempting to start a monotheistic religion. Setting aside the silly suggestion that a princess of Egypt would give a Hebrew name to a child hidden in Pahraoh's household, the name "Moses" is not a Hebrew word for "drawing out of", but is a common Egyptian appelation meaning "Prince", and appears in the names of many Pharaohs such as Tutmoses, Ahmoses and Ramoses (Ramses). Moses/Akhenaton was banished from Egypt, but following the death of Ramses, and being a legitimate heir to the throne, Moses/Akhenaton returned in a bid to retake the throne, but failed and had to flee Egypt a second time with his supporters. Political spin being the same thing back then as today, this defeat was re-written into a victory in what is now the Old Testiment story of the Exodus.
Yeshua was born in the year 1 during the early spring (lambing time) and visited by three priests of the Mithraic or Zoroastrian religion, the Magi. They announced his birth as the fulfillment of prophecy, not of the Judeans, but of their own prophet Zarathustra.
Judas Escariot, in an attempt to force the Rabbi Yeshua (Jesus) to use his alleged divine powers to drive the Romans from Judea, informed on Jesus to the Romans in the year 33. The Jewish Court, the Sanhedron, long infuriated by Jesus' effect on their profits, did not intervene. Crucifixion normally took 3-4 days to kill someone. But Jesus was on the cross only a few hours when it was reported to Pontius Pilate that Jesus had died. According to the Bible, Pilate (who knows better than most how long crucifixion usually lasts) expressed some suspicion in the matter, but at the urging of his wife decided not to press the issue.
Two aspects of crucifixion forgotten in the present day is that it was not always a fatal punishment. Romans would crucify criminals as a warning and take them down after they had lost consciousness. And, the laws of Judea did not allow the crucified to remain on their cross during the Sabbath, which began at sun down Friday night. Hence, when Jesus was put up on the cross Friday mid-day, it was the law that he had to be taken down by sunset, whether alive or dead.
The Bible describes the post-crucifixion Jesus not as an immortal spirit, but as a normal human requiring food, sleep, and the tending of his wounds. Texts in the apocrypha give the formula for the "Wounds Of Christ" ointment as chiefly Aloe and Myrh. Islamic and Buddhist texts tell the story of how the historical Jesus, having barely escaped a sentence of death, then migrated east into India, searching for the lost tribes and teaching as he went. His tomb can still be seen in Srinagar.
While Jesus lived on in India, Jesus wife, Mary (a Benjamite) escaped to the South of France to an existing Benjamite colony. There she raised her children, who eventually intermarried with the Sicambrian Franks, engendering the Merovingian line of Sorcerer Kings.
Botched doomsday prophecies! According to Matthew 16:28, Jesus himself predicted his second coming and the end of the world within the lifetime of his contemporaries.
Botched doomsday prophecies! In the year 156, the prophet Montanus and two followers, Priscilla and Maximilla, founded a cult that predicted the end of the world would occur in their lifetime. Despite the failure of that prediction, the cult survived several centuries until it was ordered exterminated by Pope Leo I.
Botched doomsday prophecies! In 247, Christian prophets declare that the
persecutions by the Romans are a sign of the impending return of Jesus.
Constantine the Great
Constantine the Great, the first Christian emperor of Rome, came to power
in the year 306. According to Church Father Lactantius,
Constantine was "a model of Christian virtue and holiness." Among Constantine's achievements; the murders of two brothers-in-law, his son, and his wife.
Christianity became the official religion of Rome in 315. Christians started burning pagan temples and killing the pagan priests. The carnage continued non-stop into the 6th century. Temples destroyed by Christian mobs included the Sanctuary of Aesculap in Aegaea, the Temple of Aphrodite in Golgatha, Aphaka in Lebanon, and the Heliopolis. Christian priests such as Mark of Arethusa or Cyrill of Heliopolis were famous as "temple destroyers."
Much of the story of Constantine's devotion to the church is manufactured. The "Donation of Constantine", a form of will by which Constantine donated the regalia of the emperor to the church, and upon which is based the role of the church on conferring Kingship ever since, is not admitted to have been a forgery.
Constantius II, the second Christian Emperor of Rome, succeeded Constantine in 337, murdering both uncles and 7 cousins in the process.
Bishop Innocentius of Dertona in Northern Italy ordered the destruction of a synagogue about 350.
Saint Augustine of Hippo was born in 354. He called for use of force to convert people to Christianity and urged severe punishment for heresy. Saint Augustine declared that since men die anyway, they should die in wars fought for the benefit of the church. Augustine wrote, "Any violation of God's laws, and by easy extension, any violation of Christian doctrine, could be seen as an injustice warranting unlimited punishment ... of the enemy population without regard to the distinction between soldiers and civilians. Motivated by righteous wrath, the just warriors could kill with impunity even those who were morally innocent." And "I fail to see what use woman can be to man, if one excludes the function of bearing children."
Christian Rome made any non-Christian worship a crime punishable by death in 356. Christian Emperor Theodosius (408-450) had children executed because they had been playing with remains of pagan statues.
Botched doomsday prophecies! Hilary of Poitiers predicted the world would end in 365.
The philosopher Sopatros was executed by Christians in the fourth century.
Botched doomsday prophecies! The Donatists, a North African Christian sect, predicted the world would end in 380.
Priscillian and six followers were beheaded by Christians for magic and Manachean heresy in Trier, Germany in 385.
The Bishop of Kallinikon ordered a synagogue burned in 388.
Pope Leo I
Leo 1 became Pope in 440, and persuaded the civil government to order persecutions against the Pelagianists, the surviving Priscillianists in Spain, and the Manichaeans. Although supposedly a civil law, the text of the law was written in the papal offices. Following his death, Leo I is made a saint.
Hypatia of Alexandria
Hypatia of Alexandria was torn to shreds with broken glass and sea shells by a Christian mob in 415, led by a Christian minister named "Peter". Hypatia was dragged from her abode at the Great Library, and was murdered in a church as the highlight of a worship service. The same mob of Christians then destroyed the great Library at Alexandria. The Christian civil authorities used what remained of the library's books and scrolls to heat the public baths, erasing from the face of the Earth much of the classical heritage of the ancient world. The Christians destroyed the remaining Egyptian temples. With the murder of the Egyptian priests, all knowledge of the ancient written Egyptian language was lost, not to be re-discovered until Champolion decoded it with the help of the Rosetta stone discovered by Napoleon's invading troops. Only then is it discovered that locked away in Imhotep's surviving writings awere the cures to diseases that had devastated medieval Europe.
The Manichaeans are completely exterminated by 444.
Visigoths revolted and sacked Rome in 476. 150 years later, the Roman roads
had fallen into ruin. The Christians, suppressing all knowledge not found
in the bible, abandoned Roman mines and smelters. For the next 1000 years,
possession of iron objects was the sign of wealth even more than possession
Botched doomsday prophecies! Roman theologian Sextus Julius Africanus (ca. 160-240) predicted the second coming of Jesus in the year 500.
Botched doomsday prophecies! Hippolytus (died ca. 236) ; predicted the second coming of Jesus in the year 500.
Botched doomsday prophecies! The theologian Irenaeus ; predicted the second coming of Jesus in the year 500.
Non-Christians were stripped of all legal rights under the law in the 6th century.
754(?) The "Donation of Constantine" appears. This document purported to prove that the Emperor Constantine the regalia of the rule of Rome to the church. This allowed the church to claim the right to choose and create Kings from that time forward. The Donation also claimed to officially appoint the Bishop of Rome as the Vicar of Christ on Earth, creating the imperial papacy. The Donation was revealed as a forgery by the Papacy during the Renaissance.
The Council of Toledo enslaved all Jews, confiscated their property and ordered their children forcibly baptized in the 6th Century.
Emperor Charlemagne condemned 4500 Saxons, unwilling to convert to Christianity, to be beheaded in 782.
Botched doomsday prophecies! A Spanish monk, Beatus of Liébana, sparked a riot when he predicted on Easter Eve 793 the world would end that very night.
Botched doomsday prophecies! Sextus Julius Africanus predicted the second coming of Jesus in the year 800.
Botched doomsday prophecies! Beatus of Liébana, not having learned anything from the riot he started in 793, wrote in his Commentary on the Apocalypse, which he finished in 786, that the world would end in the year 800 at the latest.
Botched doomsday prophecies! Bishop Gregory of Tours predicted the world would end between 799 and 806.
Botched doomsday prophecies! The Christian prophetess Thiota predicted the world would end in 848.
Pope Joan I
Pope Leo IV died in 855. Pope Benedict III succeeded him in 858. The three years between saw one of the most controversial characters ever to appear in the Vatican, Pope John VIII, who was secretly a woman, often referred to as Pope Joan I.
Born in the darkest of the dark ages, when women were declared to be the property of men by the church, Pope Joan (her real name remains unknown) impersonated a man in order to gain access to education, became a monk, and by virtue of a superior command of religious knowledge and political skill was eventually elected Pope.
Pope Joan's masquerade was undone by her own sexual appetites, which matched those of the other Popes (See Pope Alexander VI). She became pregnant and had the misfortune to go into labor during a Papal procession from the Patriarchum, the official Pope's Residence (now St. Lateran's) along the "Via Sacra" (The Sacred Road, now Via S. Giovanni) to St. Peter's Basilica at the Vatican, suffering a miscarriage in full public view. The crowd, not quite willing to accept this particular "miracle", promptly stoned Pope Joan to death and she was buried in an unmarked grave with her baby.
Up until the 16th century, the Catholic church acknowledged Pope John VIII's (Pope Joan's) existence. In 1276, Pope John XX changed his name to Pope John XXI after discovering the existence of John VIII (Pope Joan) in the Vatican archives. Even though the Via Sacra was the shortest and most direct route between the Patriarchum and the Vatican, all later Papal Processions went by another path.
Following the stoning of Pope Joan and up until the 16th century, the Papal Consecration ceremony included a process politely called the "chair exam". Papal candidates were required to sit in the "Sella Stercoraria", an ornate version of an outhouse seat with a hole in the bottom through which their male genitals could be observed by an official examiner who would then proclaim, "Mas nobis nominus est" -- "Our nominee is a man." Only then was the newly crowned Pope handed the keys to St. Peter's.
The official position of the Catholic Church today is that Pope John VIII (Pope Joan) was an invention of Protestants intent on embarrassing the Catholics. However, despite efforts by the holy inquisition to erase any and all records of Pope John VIII (Pope Joan), more than 500 ancient manuscripts by acknowledged period authors (Petrarch and Boccaccio) and high ranking clergy have been uncovered describing the reign of Pope John VIII (Pope Joan).
Pope Joan's statue can be seen at the Cathedral of Sienna, labeled as being Pope Zacharias by order of Pope Clement VIII in 1601.
Botched doomsday prophecies! Lotharingian computists foresaw the End on Friday, March 25, 970, when the Annunciation and Good Friday fell on the same day. They believed that it was on this day that Adam was created, Isaac was sacrificed, the Red Sea was parted, Jesus was conceived, and Jesus was crucified.
Botched doomsday prophecies! Christian prophets predicted that the end would come in 992, when the Annunciation and Good Friday again fell on the same day.
Botched doomsday prophecies! When it didn't happen in 992, Christians revised the prediction to 995.
Botched doomsday prophecies! EVERY Christian predicted the end of the world in the year 1000.
The Bishop of Limoges, France had all Jews who would not convert to Christianity killed or banished in 1010.
Botched doomsday prophecies! When the world did not end in the year 1000, Christian prophets explained that they had forgotten to add in the length of Jesus' life and predicted the end of the world in 1033. The writings of the Burgundian monk Radulfus Glaber described a rash of mass hysterias during the period from 1000-1033.
Gregory I became Pope in 1073. He declared the catholic church as ruler of the world, that no king could be crowned other than by the Popes, and no property titles were valid unless blessed by the church. Gregory I Incited the Normans to wage war against Henry IV. Gregory I was made a saint after his death.
Urban II became Pope in 1088 and convened the council at Clermont in
Auvergne/France regarding the "imprisonment" of Jerusalem. To start building
his army, Urban II recruited Christian robbers to join in the rescue of Jerusalem
by promising they could keep any wealth they stole from the Saracens.
|The First Crusade to "rescue" the holy lands began on command of Pope
Urban II in 1095.
Crusaders slew thousands of non-Christians at Wieselburg, 6/12/1096.
Crusaders slew thousands of non-Christians at Semlin, 6/24/1096.
Crusaders slew thousands of non-Christians at Nikaia, Xerigordon, from 9/9/1096 to 9/26/1096.
40 cities and over 200 castles were sacked by the crusaders between 1095 and 1098. Jews living in Worms were killed in 5/18/1096, 1100 Jews were killed in Mainz 5/27/1096, Cologne, Neuss, Altenahr, Wevelinghoven, Xanten, Moers, Dortmund, Kerpen, Trier, Metz, Regensburg, & Prag.
Antiochia was conquered, and 50,000 killed, 6/3/1098. According to Christian chronicler Fulcher of Chartres, the crusaders ran their lances through the bellies of all the women they found.
Maraat An-Numan was captured and thousands killed on 12/11/1098. According
to Chronicler Albert Aquensis, the Christian conquerors engaged in acts of
|Jerusalem was conquered on 7/15/1099 and 60,000 non-Christians were killed.
Bodies were slit open to search for gold coins they might have swallowed.
Jews who had taken refuge in the city's synagogue were burned alive, thousands
of muslims were chopped to death in Al-Aqsa mosque. According to the Archbishop
of Tyre, who was an eye-witness, "It was impossible to look upon the vast
numbers of the slain without horror; everywhere lay fragments of human bodies,
and the very ground was covered with the blood of the slain. It was not alone
the spectacle of headless bodies and mutilated limbs strewn in all directions
that roused the horror of all who looked upon them. Still more d readful
was it to gaze upon the victors themselves, dripping with blood from head
to foot, an ominous sight which brought terror to all who met them. It is
reported that within the Temple enclosure alone about ten thousand infidels
perished." Christian chronicler Eckehard of Aura noted that "even the following
summer in all of Palestine the air was polluted by the stench of
; "Entering the city [Jerusalem, July 15, 1099], our pilgrims pursued and killed Saracens up to the Temple of Solomon, in which they had assembled and where they gave battle to us furiously for the whole day so that their blood flowed throughout the whole temple. ; Finally, having overcome the pagans, our knights seized a great number of men and women, and the killed whom they wished and whom they wished they let live.... ; Then, rejoicing and weeping from extreme joy, our men went to worship at the sepulchre of jour Saviour Jesus and thus fulfilled their pledge to Him.... ; They also ordered that all the Saracen dead should be thrown out of the city because of the extreme stench, for the city was almost full of their cadavers. ; The live Saracens dragged the dead out before the gates and made piles of them, like houses. No one has ever heard of or seen such a slaughter of pagan peoples since pyres were made of them like boundary marks, and no one except God knows their number."
; ; ; ; ; ; [Histoire anonyme de la premiere croisade, L. Brehier, ed.
The Battle of Askalon results in 200,000 non-Christians killed "in the name of Our Lord Jesus Christ", 8/12/1099.
Bernard of Clairvaux, at the request of Pope Eugenius III, preached a new crusade of, "Total extermination of the Heathen - or definitive conversion!" in 1115. Bernard is also famous for the Christian doctrine that all pursuit of knowledge was a sin unless directed by the church. The church, based on Ecclesiastes, declared that all that man needed to know was already known, and considered any new search for knowledge heresy.
The Second Crusade began in 1147 with the slaughter of Jews in French cities of Ham, Sully, Carentan, and Rameru. The Second Crusade failed to re-capture Jerusalem.
Botched doomsday prophecies! Various Christian prophets predicted the end of the world in the year 1184. Nobody seems to remember why.
Botched doomsday prophecies! John of Toledo, after calculating that a planetary alignment would occur in Libra on September 23, 1186 (Julian calendar), circulated a letter (known as the "Letter of Toledo") warning that the world was to going to be destroyed on this date, and that only a few people would survive.
The Third Crusade sacked Jewish settlements in England from 1189 to 1190. Jewish communities in London, Canterbury, Northampton, Lincoln, Cambridge, and others were exterminated.
Innocent III became Pope in 1198. During his coronation, Innocent described himself as the new Christ, then ordered a fourth crusade even as the third collapsed. Innocent III ordered Jews to live in ghettos, wear a yellow sign in public, forbade Jews to intermarry with other races, and banned Jews from certain occupations. The Nazis later cited Innocent III in their defense at Neuremburg.
Constantinople was sacked by crusaders during the Fourth Crusade on 4/12/1204.
From 1095 until the fall of Akkon in 1291 probably 20 million victims in
the Holy land and Arab/Turkish areas were killed by the Crusaders according
to contemporary Christian chroniclers.
Albigensians, even though Christian (Cathars/Mithraists) refused to submit to the rule of Rome or to pay taxes levied by the Catholic church to pay for the disastrous Crusades. In retaliation, Pope Innocent III declared them to be heretics. 70,000 were killed in France on 7/22/1209, and thousands more were slain at Carcassonne on 8/15/1209. The genocide continued for 20 years, eventually killing over a million people, roughly 1/2 the population of Southern France. At the end of the war, the Holy Inquisition was founded to hunt down the last survivors of the heretics and erase them from the Earth. The last Cathar was burned at the stake in 1324. The Inquisition then went after other sects, including Waldensians, Paulikians, Runcarians, and Josephites. Brother Torquemada, a former Dominican friar, allegedly was personally responsible for 10,220 burnings. The Office Of The Holy Inquisition continued in power until 1832. ;
The Children's Crusade
At a time when popular support for the crusades was on the wane, a 12 year old boy, Stephen of Cloyes, approached the King of France bearing what he claimed is a letter written by Jesus Christ himself calling for yet another crusade to "rescue" the holy lands. King Philip Augustus, as tired of the crusades as was everyone else refused his blessing and permission and told the young boy to go home. Despite the lack of royal support, Christian priests encouraged the young boy, shamed the parents into supporting their quest, and soon 20000 children, some as young as 6 years old, marched for the holy land. However, the Children's Crusade never reached the Holy Lands. The priests returned, but the children were gone, sold to the Arabs as slaves. After 30 years, only a handful managed to return to their homes.
Saint Thomas Aquinas was born in 1225, and spent his career approving of slavery and death penalty for heretics. Aquinas also preached that women were "defective", and that one of the benefits of going to heaven was viewing those who suffered in hell.
At least 8000, and by one account 11,000 men, women, and children of Steding, Germany, who were unwilling to pay taxes imposed by the Christian church, were executed on 5/27/1234.
34 Jewish men and women were killed by Christians at Fulda, Germany in 1235.
180 people, their names unrecorded, were burned for the crime of witchcraft at Montwimer, France, on 29 May, 1239.
Saint Angela of Foligno, born in 1248, became famous for eating pieces that fell off of lepers to prove Jesus protected her. He didn't, but she was made a saint anyway.
Botched doomsday prophecies! Joachim of Fiore predicted the end of the world somewhere between 1200 and 1260. It did for him personally; he died in 1202.
Pope John XX found proof of the existence of Pope John VIII (Pope Joan) in the Vatican archives and changed his own name to Pope John XXI in 1276.
Barthe, Angela de la: was burned for heresy at Toulouse, France, in 1275.
A Christian priest persuaded several children to accompany him away from their village on 6/26/1284. The children were never seen again, but terrified parents found bloody body parts hanging in trees in the forest. The local church re-wrote the story to blame the vanished children on the sins of the villagers themselves and thus was born the story of the Pied Piper of Hamlin town. (See Nathanial Bar-Jonah)
Botched doomsday prophecies! Pope Innocent III predicted the end of the world in the year 1284, 666 years after the founding of Islam.
10,000 Jews were killed by Christians at Bohemia in 1290.
Botched doomsday prophecies! When Joachim of Fiore's predicted end of the world had not happened by 1260, members of his order (the Joachites) simply re-scheduled the end another 30 years later to 1290.
Botched doomsday prophecies! Gerard of Poehlde, believing that Christ's
Millennium actually began when the emperor Constantine came to power,
predicts the end of the world 1000 years after the start of Constantine's reign, in 1306.
The Knights Templar
Start of the extermination of the Knights Templar by the King of France (who owed the Knights Templar a great deal of money and wished to evade the debt) and the church, which was jealous of the Templar's power. Both King and cleric coveted the Templars' vast wealth. 36 Knights Templar were tortured to death in France, following their arrest on Friday, the 13th of October, 1307. This is the origin of the belief that Friday the 13th is unlucky.
Following the arrest, the soldiers of the king broke into the Knights' treasury
only to find it empty. The Templars' rumored treasure of gold has never been
found. But just as the Holy Grail may not have been the drinking cup the
church portrayed it as, the Treasure of the Templars may not have been mere
gold, but a secret that even the Christian church feared to make public,
the location of the blood descendants of the historical Jesus.
Templars in Scotland and Portugal escaped the pogrom. Descendants of the Templars fought with Robert Bruce at the battle of Bannockburn while their Portugese brethren ;focused on maritime activities and renamed themselves the Knights of Christ.. Christopher Columbus' wife was a daughter of a Knight of Christ and the sails of Columbus' ships bore the Templar cross on the voyage to the New World, suggesting that Queen Isabella was not his sole investor. The KNights of Christ also supplied the "technology" behind Prince Henry the Navigator.
54 Knights Templar burned in France, on 12 May, 1310.
Pope Clement V secretly absolves the Templars of heresy in the Chinon Parchment, August 17, 1308. The Parchment is "Miscatalogued" in the Vatican Library and will not surface until 2002.
Albano, Peter of: died in prison serving a sentence for heresy circa 1310
39 Knights Templar burned in France, on 18 March 1314.
Jacques De Molay
|After surviving several years of torture, Jacques De Molay, Grand Master
of the Templars, was roasted alive by Christians in France on 14 March 1314.
The deliberate slow manner of death was intended to force him to reveal where
the treasure of the Templars was hidden. While it was popularly thought that
the Treasure of the Templars was a vast wealth of gold, Jacques De Molay's
willingness to endure his torments without surrender supports the theory
that he was protecting a much more precious secret than mere gold; the location
and identity of the descendants of the historical Jesus.
Shortly after Jacques De Molay's death, the Shroud of Turin first appeared being used to swindle money from believers as a means to cure disease. Dismissed by the Pope as an obvious fraud, one theory is that the cloth is actually DeMolay's own burial cloth, planted on the church as the Templer's plan to discredit the church which was hunting the descendants of the historical Jesus in order to exterminate them.
Marigny, Enguerrand de: was hanged for heresy in France in 1315
Geraud, Hughes: burned for witchcraft in France in 1317
200 + burned at Carcassonne, France, between 1320-1350. Individual examples follow.
"Some" burned for witchcraft at Kilkenny, Ireland, 1323.
Nottingham, John of: died in custody, Coventry, England, 1324
Meath, Petronilla de: burned as a witch, the first such burning in Ireland, on 3 November, 1324
Andrius, Barthelemy: burned for heresy at Carcassonne, France in 1330
Andrius, Jean: burned at Carcassonne, France in 1330
Andrius, Phillippe: burned at Carcassonne, France in 1330
Ciceron, Andre: burned alive at Carcassone, France, in 1335
Rodier, Catala: burned alive at Carcassone, France, in 1335
Rodier, Paul: burned alive at Carcassone, France, in 1335
Georgel, Anna Marie de: burned at Toulouse, France, in 1335
Delort, Catherine: burned at Toulouse, France, in 1335
61 others, names not recorded, burned at Toulouse, France, in 1335
Botched doomsday prophecies! The Joachites again re-scheduled the end of the world, this time to the year 1335.
Christians in Deggendorf, Germany launched a "Jew killing craze" that spread
to 51 towns in Bavaria, Austria, and Poland in 1337.
All Jews in Basel, Switzerland and Strasbourg, France were burned at the stake during 1348.
340,000 people died of plague in England, roughly 30% of the population in the winter of 1349. Christians had banned not only the study of medicine, but declared hygiene to be "sensuous" and therefore a sin. Average life expectancy, which had been 45-50 during Roman Pagan times, fell to 25-30 under Christian rule.
The "Jew killing craze" spread to 350 towns throughout Germany in 1349. All Jews were murdered, most by fire. More Jews died at the hands of Christians in this one year than Christians died during 200 years of Roman persecution.
Botched doomsday prophecies! Czech archdeacon Militz of Kromeriz claimed the Antichrist was alive and well and would show up no later than 1367, bringing the end of the world with him.
Botched doomsday prophecies! Jean de Roquetaillade, a French ascetic, predicted the Antichrist was to come in 1366, with the end of the world a few years after that.
Botched doomsday prophecies! The Joachites again re-scheduled the end of the world, this time to the year 1378.
3000 Jews were slaughtered in Prague in 1389.
Archbishop Martinez ordered the execution of 4000 Jews in Seville in 1391. Another 25000 were sold into slavery and the the church kept the money. Prior to the attack, all Jews over the age of 10 were required to wear identifying badges.
8 witches, names not recorded, burned at Carcassonne, France, in 1352.
31 witches, names not recorded, burned at Carcassonne, France, in 1357.
67 more witches, names not recorded, burned at Carcassonne, France, between 1387-1400
Brigue, Jehane de: burned alive at the Pig Market in Paris on 19 August, 1391
de Ruilly, Macette: burned alive at the Pig Market in Paris on 19 August, 1391
Witch burned in Berlin, 1399. Name not recorded.
Crusades against the Hussites, considered sorcerers by the church. Thousands were slaim during the 1400s.
"Several" witches, names not recorded, burned alive at Simmenthal, Switzerland, circa 1400.
Three Popes! The year 1410 was a unique point in Catholic history as no less then three senior church leaders had been crowned Pope at the same time! Gregory XII, John XXIII, and Alexander V.
John Huss: Burned in 1415 as a heretic for questioning the selling of indulgences by the Pope, and suggesting that Popes were capable of error. Of all the examples of Papal fallibility Huss presented at his trial, the only one not denounced as false by the presiding clergy was the existence of Pope Joan.
Botched doomsday prophecies! Czech Doomsday prophet Martinek Hausha of the radical Taborite movement warned that the world would end in February 1420, February 14 at the latest.
"Several" witches, names not recorded, burned at Carcassonne, France, in
200 + witches, names not recorded, executed in the Valais, France between 1428-1434.
167 witches, names not recorded, executed in l'Isere, France, between 1428-1447.
Joan Of Arc
Joan of Arc: accused of witchcraft and burned at Rouen, France, on 30 May, 1431
16 witches, names not recorded, executed in Toulouse, France, in 1432.
8 witches, names not recorded, executed in Toulouse, France, in 1433.
Johannes Nider writes "Formicarius" in 1435. It portrays witches as acting alone. There are no mentions of covens or sabbats.
150 witches, names not recorded, executed in Briancon, France, in 1437.
A witch, tied and suspended above a fire.
Greland, Jean: burned at Chamonix, France, in 1438, with 10 others
Vallin, Pierre: executed in France, in 1438
Mazelier, Hanchemand de: arrested at Neuchatel, Germany 1439
Corrillaut, Etienne: executed at Machecoul, France in 1440
Griart, Henri: executed at Machecoul, France in 1440
Rais, Gilles de: on charges of witchcraft, executed 26 October, 1440
Jordemaine, Margery: burned at Smithfield, England, on 27 October, 1441
Bolingbroke, Roger: hanged, drawn and quartered at Tyburn, England, on 18 November, 1441
3 witches, names not recorded, burned in Savoy between 1446 and 1447.
Illustration of various forms of hanging used on heretics and witches. Like crucifixion, the goal was to prolong the suffering for as long as possible.
Inquisitor Jean Vineti writes "Tractatus contra Demonum Invocatores" in 1450, declaring for the first time that the practice of witchcraft is heresy against the Christian faith.
7 witches, names not recorded, killed at Marmande, France, in 1453.
1 witch, name not recorded, burned at Locarno, Italy, in 1455.
Illustration of a torture room of the Holy Inquisition.
Gutenburg published his Bible in 1455. The church paniced. Up until that time, Christians were not encouraged to read the Bible (or to read at all), only to accept the authoritative word of the priests as to what it said.
Battle of Belgrade: 80,000 Turks who refused to convert to Christianity were slaughtered in 1456.
"Many" witches, names not recorded, burned in Arras, France in 1459 - 1460.
Jennin, (first name unknown): burned at Cambrai, France, in 1460.
Inquisitor Girolamo Visconti wrote "Lamiarum sive Striarum Opuscalum" in 1460, declaring that defending a witch is itself an act of heresy punishable by the church.
2 witches, names not recorded, burned in Burgundy, France, in 1470.
3 witches, names not recorded, burned at Forno-Rivara, Italy, in 1472.
2 witches, names not recorded, burned at Levone, in Italy, in 1474.
5 witches, names not recorded, burned at Forno, Italy, in 1475.
12 women and "several" men , names not recorded, burned at Edinburgh, in 1479.
4 witches, names not recorded, burned at Metz, Germany, in 1482.
48 witches, names not recorded, burned at Constance, between 1482-1486.
4 witches, names not recorded, burned at Metz, Germany, in 1482.
48 witches, names not recorded, burned at Constance, between 1482-1486.
Illustration of witch tortures, burning, tearing of the flesh by dogs, and breaking with the wheel.
2 witches, names not recorded, burned at Toulouse, France, in 1484.
2 witches, names not recorded, burned in Chaucy, France in 1485.
1 witch, name not recorded, died in prison, at Metz, Germany 1488.
3 witches, names not recorded, executed at Mairange, Germany, on 17 June, 1488.
2 witches, names not recorded, executed at Mairange, Germany, on 25 June, 1488.
3 witches, names not recorded, executed at Chastel, Germany, on 26 June, 1488.
3 witches, names not recorded, executed at Metz, Germany, on 1 July, 1488.
1 witch, name not recorded, executed at Salney, Germany, on 3 July, 1488.
2 witches, names not recorded, executed at Salney, Germany, on 12 July, 1488.
3 witches, names not recorded, executed at Salney, Germany, on 19 July, 1488.
1 witch, name not recorded, executed at Brieg, Germany, on 19 July, 1488.
2 witches, names not recorded, executed at Juxney, Germany, on 19 August, 1488.
5 witches, names not recorded, executed at Thionville, Germany, on 23 August, 1488.
1 witch, name not recorded, executed at Metz, Germany, on 2 September, 1488.
1 witch, name not recorded, executed at Vigey, Germany, on 15 September, 1488.
1 witch, name not recorded, executed at Juxney, Germany, on 22 September, 1488.
|Inquisitor Tomás de Torquemada staged the first "Auto-da-fe" ("Act of faith") in Seville in 1491. By the time the last Auto-da-fe was held in Spain in 1802, 340,000 people fell victim to the spectacle. 24,000 were burned. Others were required to flog and scourge themselves before the audience. Ostensibly a religious service held on All Saint's Day, the Auto-da-fe was a revival of Roman blood sports, complete with church concessionaires selling food, beverages, and souvenirs to the audiences. The best seats had the highest ticket prices. Auto-da-fes were held in the new world as well, with the last recorded one taking place in Mexico in 1815.|
"Malleus Malificarum" was first published in 1486. Authored by two Dominicans, the Christians' authoritative book on witches eventually reached 28 editions in 5 languages over the next 200 years, all of which were cited as authority for the torture and execution of witches.
Alphonsus de Spina's "Fortalicium Fidei" was published in 1467. Citing it
as authority, the monks of the Benedictine Monastery at St. Maximin at Treves
executed over 300 people for the crime of withchraft, growing wealthy on
the confiscated property of the condemned.
|Innocent VIII became Pope in 1484. Immediately he launched the anti witch campaigns. Allowed church officials involved in the witch hunts to keep the wealth of the condemned. Greed fueled the holocaust to come. Innocent VIII held a wedding for his illegitimate son in the Vatican itself. The bride's mother was Innocent VIII's illegitimate daughter!|
Columbus, having quit the profession of slave trading to become an explorer, sailed for the new world in 1492. Within hours of landing, Columbus had kidnapped 6 natives in order to "christianize" them and make them his servants. Columbus incorrectly reported that the inhabitants of the New World had no religion. After planting a cross, Columbus would say the "Requerimiento", a prayer that officially made the newly found lands Catholic. Since nobody present objected (the natives did not speak latin), the new world became officially the domain of the Catholic church. Over the next hundred years, thousands of indians were burned to death for offending Christians.
A hundred Indians bundled together and set on fire by the Christian Conquestadores.
On Hispaniola alone, 50,000 Arawaks were killed, the rest were sent into
slavery. Chief Hatuey declared that if heaven is where Christians go, that
he would prefer to live in hell. He was burned alive for heresy. What happened
to his people was described by an eyewitness: "The Spaniards found pleasure
in inventing all kinds of odd cruelties ... They built a long gibbet, long
enough for the toes to touch the ground to prevent strangling, and hanged
thirteen [natives] at a time in honor of Christ Our Saviour and the twelve
Apostles... then, straw was wrapped around their torn bodies and they were
150,000 Jews were expelled from Spain on 6/30/1492. Most died before finding a new home.
Pope Alexander VI brokered the Treaty of Tordesilla s between Spain and Portugal in 1494. This treaty "authorized" both nations to claim any non-Catholic lands as their own and to stamp out the existing government in order to replace it with Catholic rule.
Botched doomsday prophecies! Several 15th Century prophets predict the end of the world for the year 1496.
Gracia la Valle, burned in Saragossa. First execution of a witch in Spain, in 1498.
Girolamo Savonarola was declared a heretic, arrested, tortured, hanged and then burned in the Plaza della Signoria in 1498 for publicly criticizing the wild orgies thrown inside the Vatican by Pope Alexander VI. According to Savonerola, "The Papal Palace had literally become a house of prostitution where harlots sit upon the throne of Solomon and signal to the passersby. Whoever can pay enters and does what he wishes."
Bragadini, Mark Antony: beheaded in Italy in the 1500's
1 witch, name not recorded, executed in France in 1500.
3 women, names not recorded, executed as witches in Spain in 1500.
Angelo of Verona was appointed Inquisitor over all of Lombardy in 1501 by Pope Alexander IV, who ordered him to seek out and punish heretics. The Pope gave Angelo authority to over-ride all other religious authority to do so.
The infamous "Ballet of the Chestnuts" was held in the Vatican on 10/30/1501. One of the wildest parties thrown in the Papal Palace by Pope Alexander VI, the Ballet of the Chestnuts was an old fashioned orgy featured 50 of Rome's most beautiful harlots, with the Pope handing out prizes to those men who displayed the most virility. Seated by the Pope's side for this revel was his own illegitimate daughter and occasional lover, Lucrezia Borgia.
The following are quoted from William Manchester's "A World Lit Only by Fire-
The Medieval Mind and The Renaissance" .Little, Brown & Company, 1992
; "Once he became Pope Alexander VI, Vatican parties, already wild, grew wilder. They were costly, but he could afford the lifestyle of a Renaissance prince; as vice chancellor of the Roman Church, he had amassed enormous wealth. As guests approached the papal palace, they were excited by the spectacle of living statues: naked, gilded young men and women in erotic poses. Flags bore the Borgia arms, which, appropriately, portrayed a red bull rampant on a field of gold. Every fete had a theme. One, known to Romans as the Ballet of the Chestnuts, was held on October 30, 1501. The indefatigable Burchard describes it in his Diarium. After the banquet dishes had been cleared away, the city's fifty most beautiful whores danced with the guests, "first clothed, then naked." The dancing over, the "ballet" began, with the Pope and two of his children in the best seats.
Candelabra were set up on the floor, scattered among them were chestnuts, "which", Burchard writes, "the courtesans had to pick up, crawling between the candles." Then the serious sex started. Guests stripped and ran out onto the floor, where they mounted, or were mounted by, the prostitutes. "The coupling took place," according to Burchard, "in front of everyone present." Servants kept score of each man's orgasms, for the Pope greatly admired virility, and measured a man's machismo by his ejaculative capacity. After eveyone was exhausted, His Holiness distributed prizes- cloaks, boots, caps, and fine silken tunics. "The winners", the diarist wrote, "were those who made love with the courtesans the greatest number of times."
About the Pope and his daughter, Lucrezia:
"His daughter had just turned seventeen and was at the height of her beauty. We now know that he was, in fact, her lover. ..Here, however, the tale darkens. Romans had scarcely absorbed the news that the father lusted for his daughter when they learned even more. Lucrezia was said to be unavailable to her father because she was already deeply involved in another incestuous relationship, or relationships- a triangular entanglement with both her handsome brothers. The difficulty, it was whispered, was that although she enjoyed coupling with both of them, each, jealous of the other, wanted his sister for himself.
On the morning of June 15, 1497, Juan Borgia's corpse was found floating in the Tiber mutilated by nine savage dagger wounds.
"Borgia's enjoyment of the flesh was enhanced when the woman beneath him was married, particularly if he had presided at her wedding. Breaking any commandment excited him, but he was partial to the seventh. As priest he married Rosa to two men. She may have actually slept with her husbands from time to time- since Borgia always kept a stable of women, she was allowed an occasional night off to indulge her own sexual preferences- but her duties lay in his eminence's bed. Then, at the age of fifty nine, he yearned for a more nubile partner. His parting with Rosa was affectionate. Later he gave her a little gift- he made her brother a cardinal." ;
Botched doomsday prophecies! The Italian artist Botticelli captioned his painting, "The Mystical Nativity" with a message warning that the end of the world would occur within three years, based on the predictions of Girolamo Savonarola.
"Confessing under Torture", from "Bamberische Halsgerichtsordnung", published in 1508.
Pope Julias II amended the Treaty of Tordesillas between Spain and Portugal in 1506. This treaty "authorized" both nations to claim any non-Catholic lands as their own and to stamp out the existing government in order to replace it with Catholic rule.
Saint Teresa was born in 1515. Seduced by her father confessor (who died
soon after from 'surfeit de femme') Teresa was drawn into the church. On
entering the nunnary, she was given a whip and told to use it on herself
twice a day. She did so. She gains fame as a poet, although much of her poetry,
which described Jesus in lurid sexual mages, was kept hidden.
|Martin Luther posted his "95 Theses" on the door to Wittenburg Castle Church on October 31, 1517, triggering the Protestant movement.|
The following are quoted from William Manchester's "A World Lit Only by Fire-
The Medieval Mind and The Renaissance" .Little, Brown & Company, 1992
; The "Age of Faith", the 1000 years of the Dark Ages, was marked by a very low standard of living for most people. They lived in filth, sanitation being considered too sensual to be pious. The average life expectancy was only 25 or 30*, and Bubonic Plague, Typhus and a host of other diseases regularly decimated hundreds of thousands of people. In the winter of 1349, 120,000 people died in England, one out of every three. Continental Europe had similar death counts during the 1300's, recurring waves of plague sweeping the countrysides, whole towns dying in days. The church encouraged ignorance: "Saint Bernard of Clairvaux (1090-1153), the most influential Christian of his time, bore a deep distrust of the intellect and declared that the pursuit of knowledge, unless sanctified by a holy mission, was a pagan act and therefore vile."
"The distinction between devotion and superstition has always been unclear, but there was little blurring here. Although they called themselves Christians, medieval Europeans were ignorant of the gospels. The Bible only existed in a language they could not read. The mumbled incantations at Mass were meaningless to them. They believed in sorcery, witchcraft, hobgoblins, werewolves, amulets, and black magic, and were thus indistinguishable from pagans. Scholars as eminent as Erasmus and Sir Thomas More accepted the existence of witchcraft. The church encouraged superstitions, recommended trust in faith healers, and spread tales of satyrs, incubi, sirens, cyclops, tritons, and giants, explaining they were all manifestations of Satan."
*Compared wioth 50-60 at the height of the Roman Empire
START OF THE "LITTLE ICE AGE"
Starting in the mid 16th Century, Europe's climate starts a cooling spell which will last 300 years. Unaware that the sun's enerhy output has slightly decreased (The Maunder Minimum) Religious leaders of Europe blame human actions for climate change (not unlike the current tendancy to blame a warming planet solely on human activity), and add the deteriorating weather to the list of "crimes" of witches.
30 witches, names not recorded, burned in Calahorra, Spain, in 1507.
1 witch, name not recorded, burned in Saxony, Germany, in 1510.
60 witches, names not recorded, burned in Lombardia, Northern Italy, in 1510.
2 women, names not recorded, executed for witchcraft in Spain 1512.
500 + witches, names not recorded, burned in Geneva, Switzerland, in 1515. ;
Illustration of tortures of heretics and witches.
Kuhnlin, Elsa: burned at Waldsee, Germany, in 1518
Paeffin, Elsa: burned at Waldsee, Germany, in 1518
Thausser, Simon: burned at Waldsee, Germany, in 1518
Thausser (wife of Simon, no name given): burned at Waldsee, Germany, in 1518 ;
Hanging of a condemned witch, name not recorded, in 1520. ;
64 witches, names not recorded, burned in Val Camonica, Italy between
2 witches, names not recorded, burned in Besancon, France, in 1521.
100 witches, names not recorded, burned in Como, Italy, in 1523.
1000 + witches, names not recorded, in Como, Italy, in 1524.
Botched doomsday prophecies! Prophets in England predicted a flood on February
1, 1524 (Julian) to strike at London. 20,000 people abandoned their homes
in fear. Yet another prophet, citing an alignment of planets in the constellation
Pisces, set the date for the flood for February 20th. Both days turned out
to be sunny with not even a drop of rain.
900 witches, names and dates not recorded, executed by Nicholas Remy during this time period.
Botched doomsday prophecies! Anabaptist Thomas Müntzer, thinking that
he was living at the "end of all ages," in 1525, incited a spectacularly
unsuccessful revolt of the peasantry.
"Methods of German Torture", published in 1527.
Sattler, Michael: leader of a baptist community, burned at the stake in Rottenburg, Germany, 5/20/1527. His wife was burned at the stake a few days later.
Wachin, Ursula: burned at Waldsee, Germany, in 1528
Botched doomsday prophecies! Prophets in England, having failed in their February 20th, 1524 prediction for a massive flood, reschedule the prediction to 1528.
Botched doomsday prophecies! Reformer Hans Hut predicted the end would occur on Pentecost (May 27, Julian calendar) 1528.
Pope Clement VII rewrote the Treaty of Tordesillas between Spain and Portugal into the Treaty of Saragossa in 1529. This treaty "authorized" both nations to claim any non-Catholic lands as their own and to stamp out the existing government in order to replace it with Catholic rule. ;
Illustration of "Breaking with the wheel".
Manseneé, Desle la: executed at Anjux, France on 18 Dec. 1529
Mullerin, Elsbet: burned at Waldsee, Germany, in 1531
Botched doomsday prophecies! Bishop Frederick Nausea (yes, that is his name), predicted that the world would end in 1532 after hearing a single report of bloody crosses appearing in the sky alongside a comet.
Botched doomsday prophecies! Anabaptist prophet Melchior Hoffman predicted the end of the world in 1533. he also predicted that Jesus would reappear in Strasbourg, to save 144,000 people from the world's end.
Botched doomsday prophecies! Mathematician Michael Stifel, a devout Christian, calculated that the Day of Judgement would begin at exactly 8:00am on October 19, 1533.
The priest of the chapel at Aldington, Kent, encouraged Elizabeth Barton to fake a demonic possession in 1533 in order to create a shrine to attract pilgrimages and the financial benefits therefrom. Encouraged by the clergy to greater and greater displays, Elizabeth claimed visions opposing the remarriage of Henry VIII, helping to fan the religious wars that almost tore England apart.
Botched doomsday prophecies! Jan Matthys predicted that the Apocalypse would take place on Easter Day (April 5, Julian calendar) 1534 and only the city of Münster would be spared.
"A large number" of witches, names not recorded, executed at Saragossa, Spain, in 1536.
Botched doomsday prophecies! French astrologer Pierre Turrel, a devout Christian, hedges his bets and predicts the end of the world in 1537, 1544, 1801 or 1814.
Brigge, Mabel: executed in York, England,1538
Hubmaier, B.: University professor burned at the stake for heresy in Vienna, 1538.
Pope Paul III declared all of England to be "Apostate", all Englishmen to be slaves of the church, and launched a crusade, but died before he could invade.
deLarue, (first name unknown): burned at Rouen, in 1540
Morin (first name unknown): burned at Rouen, in 1540
Martin Luther published, "On the Jews and their lies", accusing the Jews of avarice and citing the Talmud (correctly) as claiming that Jews do not consider theft a sin when committed against non Jews.
; "Their breath stinks for the gold and silver of the heathen; since no people ; under the sun always have been, still are, and always will remain more avaricious than they, as can be noticed in their cursed usury. Therefore know, my dear Christians, that next to the Devil, you have no more ; bitter, more poisonous, more vehement and enemy than a real Jew who earnestly desires to be a Jew...Do not ; their Talmud and rabbis write that it is no sin to kill if a Jew kills a heathen, but it is a ; sin if he kills a brother in Israel? It is no sin if he does not keep his oath to a heathen. Therefore, to steal and rob - as they do with their moneylending - from a heathen, is a divine service...Now what are we going to ; do with these rejected, condemned Jewish people?"
Luther answers his own question:
; "...to set fire to their synagogues or schools and to bury and cover with dirt whatever will not burn... I advise that their houses be razed and destroyed... ; I advise that all their prayer books... in which such idolatry, lies, cursing, and blasphemy are taught, be ; taken from them... that their rabbis be forbidden to teach henceforth on pain of loss of ; life and limb... that safe-conduct on the highways be abolished completely for the Jews... that all their treasure ; of silver and gold be taken from them... But if the authorities are reluctant to use force and restrain the ; Jews' devilish wantonness, the latter should, as we said, be expelled from their country and be told to return ; to ... Jerusalem where they may lie, curse, blaspheme, defame, murder, steal, rob, practice usury, mock, ; and indulge in all those infamous abominations which they practice among us, and leave ... our Lord the ; Messiah, our faith, and our church undefiled and uncontaminated with their devilish tyranny and malice."
400 years later, the Nazis used Luther's writing in their defense at the Nuremberg trials.
In the era of the peasant wars, Luther supported the feudal authorities'
; indiscriminate killing of inobedient, starving subjects in his infamous
and incendiary writing "Against ; the murderous and robbing rabble of Peasants".
In this he... "calls ; upon the princes to slaughter the offending peasants
like mad dogs, to stab, strangle and slay as best one
can, and holds out as a reward the promise of heaven."
Luther's advice was literally followed by thefeudal authorities. Hundreds
of villages were laid in ashes, the harvests of the nation ; were destroyed,
and roughly 100,000 killed.
Echtinger, Barbara: imprisoned for life at Waldsee, Germany, on 24 August, 1545
Askew, Anne: burned for witchcraft 1546
Flogging a heretic.
7 witches, names not recorded, burned at Nantes, France, in 1549.
1 witch, name not recorded, burned at Lyons, France, in 1549.
Amalaric, Madeline: burned in France in mid-1500's. ;
Following the conquest of Peru by Pizarro, the potato is introduced to Europe. Far less vulnerable to the cooling of the "Little Ice Age" than the cerial crops being farmed at the time, the potato offers salvation from the famine sweeping over the lands. But church leaders declare the potato the food of the Devil due to its being grown underground, and millions starve to death as a result.
Various methods of execution, 1554.
Illustration of a witch being burned, dated 1555.
3 witches, names not recorded, burned alive at Derneburg, Germany, on 4 October, 1555.
Botched doomsday prophecies! French theologian Pierre d'Ailly predicted the end of the world in 1555. Christopher Columbus' own apocolyptic views were based on this prediction.
Botched doomsday prophecies! Rumors of the end of the world swept through the churches of Switzerland on Magdalene's Day in 1556, source unknown.
1 witch, name not recorded, burned alive at Bievires, France, in 1556.
Douglas, Janet: burned at Castle, Hill, Scotland, on 17 July, 1557.
Hezensohn, Joachim: beheaded at Waldsee, Germany, in 1557.
5 witches, names not recorded, burned at Verneuil, France, in 1561.
Dr. Johan Weyer, personal physician to Duke William and therefore safe from accusations of being in league with witches, published "De Praestigiis" in 1563 and "De Lamiis" in 1577, arguing that confessions obtained by torture were legally worthless.
17,000 + witches, names not recorded, in Scotland from 1563 to 1603.
4 witches, names not recorded, burned at Potiers, France, in 1564.
Illustration of the treatment of witches and heretics, floggings and disembowelment.
Waterhouse, (first name unknown): hanged as a witch in Dorset, England in 1565.
An unknown number of witches, names not recorded, burned at Vernon, Normandy, France, in 1566.
Matthew Hopkins, Witch Finder General in charge of executing witches in England, oversaw the prosecution of the "Chelmsford Witches".
Waterhouse, Agnes: executed in Chelmsford, England, 29 July, 1566 as the first "Chelmsford Witch".
Saint Magdalena dei Pazzi was born in Florence in 1566. While a Carmalite nun, she would lie on thorns and have hot wax poured over her body, then be whipped. Alternated between standing motionless for hours and running uncontrollably through the nunnary.
Mary Stuart (Mary Queen Of Scotts), although a Catholic, allowed Scottish people to freely choose how they would worship. Angered Protestant clergy forced Mary Stuart to abdicate in 1567.
Humphrey Gilbert, half-brother of Sir Walter Raleigh, in order to convince the Gaelic Irish to convert to Chritianity, ordered that "the heddes of all those (of what sort soever thei were) which were killed in the daie, should be cutte off from their bodies... and should bee laied on the ground by eche side of the waie", which effort to civilize the Irish indeed caused "greate terrour to the people when thei sawe the heddes of their dedde fathers, brothers, children, kinsfolke, and freinds on the grounde" in 1567. Knighted for his victory in 1570.
The Spanish Inquisition ordered extermination of 3 million religeous rebels in the Netherlands. 5000 Protestants were drowned by Catholic troops, their hats washing ashore at Emden in 1568.
Paris, (first name unknown): hanged at St. Andrews, Scotland, in 1569
Steward, William: hanged at St. Andrews, Scotland, in 1569
"Many" witches, names not recorded, burned in France in 1571.
Trois-Echelles (pseud.): executed at Paris, France, in 1571 (or 1574)
Bowman, Janet: burned as a witch in Scotland in 1572
Pope Pius V orders the execution of 20,000 Huguenots in France in 1572.
Fief, Mary le: of Samur, France, accused of witchcraft, on 13 October 1573.
Following 1573 and lasting until the witch hunts ended, an estimated 70,000 people in England were executed for the crime of witchcraft.
80 witches, names not recorded, executed in one fire at Valery-en-Savoie, France, in 1574.
Arnold, (first name unknown): hanged at Barking, England, in 1574. 8
;Garnier, Gilles: burned as a werewolf in Dole, France 1574.
Dunlop, Bessie: burned at Castle Hill, Edinburgh, Scotland, in 1576.
Pajot, Marguerite: executed at Tonnerre, France, in 1576.
Doree, Catherine: executed at Courveres, France, in 1577.
3 witches, names not recorded, executed in Dorset, England, in 1578.
36 persons, names not recorded, executed for witchcraft at Kilkenny, Ireland, in 1578.
Harvilliers, Jeanne: executed in France, in 1578.
Frances, Elizabeth: executed in Chelmsford, England, 1579. ;
Jean Bodin, witch hunt fanatic, published "De la Demonomanie des Sorciers" in 1580, in which he argued that a person merely accused of witchcraft could never be found innocent.
Beuchel, Anna: burned at Waldsee, Germany, in 1581.
Buckh, Appollonia: burned at Waldsee, Germany, in 1581.
Schwarz, Eva: burned at Waldsee, Germany, in 1581.
Wuncil, Brigida: burned at Waldsee, Germany, on 6 July, 1581.
Einseler, Catharina: burned at Waldsee, Germany, on 6 July, 1581
Isolin, Madlen: burned at Waldsee, Germany, on 6 July, 1581
Rosch, Maria: burned at Waldsee, Germany, on 6 July, 1581
Flieger, Catharina: burned at Waldsee, Germany, on 6 July, 1581
Scharber, Elsbeth: burned at Waldsee, Germany, in 1581
Kemp, Ursula: executed at St. Oyth, England in 1582
18 witches, names not recorded, killed at St. Oses, England, in 1582.
Bennet, Elizabeth: executed in St. Osyth, England in 1582
Gabley, (first name unknown): executed at King's Lynn, England, in 1582
Bonnet, Jean: burned alive at Boissy-en-Ferez, France, in 1583
Quattrino, Dominic: burned at Mesolcina, Italy, in 1583
Botched doomsday prophecies! Several astrologers and clergy cite a conjunction of Jupiter with Saturn as a sign that the second coming of Jesus will occur in London at noon on Apr 28, 1583.
Botched doomsday prophecies! Another astrologer revises the above prediction to 1584.
One of the first Christians to enter the Virginia territory, Arthur Barlowe, arrived in 1584. He described the Native Americans as, "...we were entertained with all love and kindness and with as much bounty, ...as they could possibly devise. We found the people most gentle loving, and faithfull, void of all guile and treason ... a more kind and loving people there cannot be found in the world, as farre as we have hitherto had triall."
Reginald Scott pub lishes "The Discovery of Witchcraft" in 1584, a major work that debunked Christian claims of witches and demons. Bowing to church pressure, King James I orders all copies destroyed. The book will not reappear until 1651.
Wirth, Trauben: burned at Waldsee, Germany, on 5 July, 1585.
Hacket, Margaret: executed at Tyburn, England, on 19 February, 1585
Reich, Maria: burned at Waldsee, Germany, on 5 July, 1585
Treher, Anna: burned at Waldsee, Germany, on 5 July, 1585
Lachenmeyer, Waldburg: burned at Waldsee, Germany, on 5 July, 1585
Uhlmer, Barbara: burned at Waldsee, Germany, on 24 August, 1585
Sailler, Ursula: burned at Waldsee, Germany, on 24 August, 1585
Rohrfelder, Margaret: burned at Waldsee, Germany, on 24 August, 1585
Marguerite, (last name unknown): burned at Paris, France, in 1586
Martin, Marie: executed in France, in 1586
Mirot, Dominic: burned at Paris, France, in 1586
Erb, Anna: burned at Waldsee, Germany, on 9 March, 1586
Schultheiss, Ursula: burned at Waldsee, Germany, on 9 March, 1586
Schneider, Felicitas: burned at Waldsee, Germany, on 9 March, 1586
Weiss, Agatha: burned at Waldsee, Germany, on 9 October, 1586
Mayer, Christina: burned at Waldsee, Germany, on 9 October, 1586
Isel, Ursula: burned at Waldsee, Germany, on 7 November, 1586
Rauffains, Catharina: burned at Waldsee, Germany, on 7 November, 1586
Stadelmann, Ursula: burned at Waldsee, Germany, on 7 November, 1586
Hoyd, Anna: burned at Waldsee, Germany, on 24 November, 1586
Sechelle, (first name unknown): burned at Paris, France, in 1586
Dormar, Anna: burned at Waldsee, Germany, on 9 October, 1586
Kleiss, Anna: burned at Waldsee, Germany, on 30 October, 1586
Mary Stuart (Mary, Queen Of Scotts), was beheaded on 2/8/1587. On Elizabeth's death, Mary Stuart's son became King James I of England. Scotland lost the freedom won by William Wallace and Robert Bruce; apparently a small price to pay in the Protestant war against Catholicism.
Botched doomsday prophecies! The sage Johann Müller (aka Regiomontanus) predicts the second comiong of Christ in 1588.
Execution of a witch by "pressing", the slow piling on of heavy rocks, 1587.
368 persons killed for witchcraft between 18 January, 1587, and 18 November,
1593, in the diocese of Treves.
Fray, Ursula: burned at Waldsee, Germany, on 12 June, 1587.
Kless, Catharina: burned at Waldsee, Germany, on 12 June, 1587.
Pearson, Alison: burned in Scotland on 28 May, 1588.
133 persons burned in one day at Quedlinburg, in Germany, in 1589. ;
Joan Prentice, Joan Cony, and Joan Upney, three of the "Chelmsford Witches", hanged in Chelmsford, England, in 1589.
Flade, Dietrich: executed at Treves, 1589.
Huebmeyer, Barbara: burned at Waldsee, Germany, on 11 September, 1589.
Huebmeyer, Appela: burned at Waldsee, Germany, on 11 September, 1589.
Schnelling, Anna: burned at Waldsee, Germany, on 11 September, 1589.
Cunny (Coney), Joan: hanged in Chelmsford, England, in 1589.
Upney, Joan: hanged in Chelsford, England, in 1589.
Stubb, Peter: executed as a werewolf near Cologne, Germany, in 1589.
48 witches, their names unrecorded, burned in Wurttemberg, Germany, in 1589.
54 witches, their names unrecorded, burned in Franconia in 1590.
32 witches, their names unrecorded, executed in Nordlingen, Germany in 1590.
From 1590 to 1600, an average of 10 witches per day were burned in the Duchy of Brunswick.
Robson, Donald: executed at North Berwick, England in 1590
Tod, Christian: executed at North Berwick, England in 1590
Lemp, Rebecca: executed in Nordlingen, Germany, on 9 Sept. 1590
Stuell(?), Gertrud (of Klaferd in the Oberholzklau Parish): burned at the stake in Alchen, Gemany, 1590
Cunningham, John: burned at Edinburgh, in January, 1591
Napier, Barbara: hanged in Scotland in 1591
Macalzean, Euphemia: burned alive in Scotland for witchcraft, on 25 June, 1591
Sampsoune, Agnes: tried, strangled, and burnt for a witch in Scotland 1591
Fian, John: hanged at Edinburgh, Scotland, in 1591
"Tractatus de Confessionibus Maleficorum et Sagarum" was published in 1591 by Peer Binsfeld. Mostly the product of the author's imagination, the book purported to be a scholarly study of witches and how to prosecute them. Catholics and Protestants alike relied on the book as the authoritative source on witches for the next 100 years.
Duncan, Gellie: hanged in Scotland in 1591
Rue, Abel de la: of Coulommiers, France, accused of witchcraft on 20 July, 1592
Samuels, (family of 3): condemned to death for witchcraft in Warboys, England, on 4 April, 1593
Rosseau, (father,and daughter): of France, accused of witchcraft on 2 October 1593
Birenseng, Agata: burned at Waldsee, Germany, on 25 June, 1594
Fray, Margaret: burned at Waldsee, Germany, on 25 June, 1594
Balfour, Alison: burned at Edinburgh, Scotland, on 16 December, 1594
Crierson, Robert: executed at North Berwick, England in 1594
Calles, Helen: executed at Braynford, England, on 1 December, 1595
Newell, John: executed at Barnett, England, on 1 December, 1595
Newell, Joane: executed at Barnett, England, on 1 December, 1595
Cockie, Isabel: burnt as a witch, at a cost of 105 s. 4 p., in England 1596
Jollie, Alison: executed in Scotland, in October, 1596
Beaumont, Sieur de: accused of witchcraft on 21 October, 1596
Stewart, Christian: strangled and burned in Scotland, in November, 1596
Belon, Jean: executed in France, in 1597
Porte, Vidal de la: condemned at Riom, France, in 1597
Bean, Margrat: executed at Aberdeen, Scotland in 1597
Leyis, Thomas: executed at Aberdeen, Scotland in 1597
Gerard, Katherine: executed at Aberdeen, Scotland in 1597
Grant, Jonet: executed at Aberdeen, Scotland in 1597
Gwinner, Else: executed in Germany, 21 Dec, 1597
Spaldarg, Jonet: executed at Aberdeen, Scotland in 1597
Grant, Marion: executed at Aberdeen, Scotland in 1597
Man, Andro: executed at Aberdeen, Scotland in 1597
Wisherr, Jonet: executed at Aberdeen, Scotland in 1597
Og, Margrat: executed at Aberdeen, Scotland in 1597
Oige, Issobell: executed at Aberdeen, Scotland in 1597
Richie, Issobell: executed at Aberdeen, Scotland in 1597
Reid, Christen: executed at Aberdeen, Scotland in 1597
Rogie, Helen: executed at Aberdeen, Scotland in 1597
Goodridge, Alse: executed at Darbie, England, in 1597
Laubbach (wife): executed at Eichstatt, Germany, in 1597
Roulet, Jacques: burned alive for being a were-wolf, at Angiers, France, in 1597
Chamoulliard, (first name unknown): burned in France, in 1597
Aupetit, Pierre: burned at Bordeaux, France, in 1598
Hoppo, (first name unknown): executed in Germany in 1599
Kerke, Anne: executed at Tyburn, England, in 1599
Stadlin, (first name unknown): executed in Germany in 1599
77 witches, their names unrecorded, burned in Vaud, Switzerland, in 1599.
Botched doomsday prophecies! Martin Luther predicted that the world would end no later than the year 1600.
The "Water Ordeal" shown in a 17th century engraving. In this form of torture, the condemned was forced to drink large amounts of water until their bowels ruptured, resulting in a slow and painful death.
Conquest of the Americas
By the year 1600, Spanish Christians had looted and plundered across the new world bringing the benefits of Christianity to the indigenous people, 60,000,000 of whom were killed in the process.
Pappenheimer, Anna: executed in Bavaria, 1600
Bruno, Giordano: Following 7 years in prison for heresy, burned at the stake in Rome on 2/17/1600.
Pope Clement VIII ordered the statue of Pope John VIII (Pope Joan) at the Cathedral of Siena to be altered into a statue of Pope Zacharias in 1601.
Gwinner, Else: executed in Germany on 21 Dec. 1601
Pannel, Mary: executed in Yorkshire, England, in 1603
Botched doomsday prophecies! Dominican monk Tomasso Campanella wrote that the sun would collide with the Earth in 1603.
April 10, 1606, the Charter for the Virginia Colony was signed. It reads in part, "To the glory of His divine Majesty, in propagating of the Christian religion to such people as yet live in ignorance of the true knowledge and worship of God." Less than 20 years before, Arthur Barlowe had described the Native Amercans with greatest praise for their kindness and charity. In the campaign to force Christianity on the Native Americans, the Virginia Christians reported, "...we burnt, and spoyled their corne, and Towne, all the people beeing fledde."
Harrisson, Joanna: executed in Hertford, England, in 1606
Harrisson, (daughter of Joanna): executed in Hertford, England, in 1606
Francoise (last name unknown): burned in France on 30 July, 1606
Grierson, Isobel: burned in Scotland in March, 1607
Tod, Beigis: burned at Lang Nydrie, Scotland, on 27 May, 1608
Dorlady, Mansfredo: burned at Vesoul, France as being the Devil's banker, on 18 January, 1610
Dorlady, Fernando: burned at Vesoul, France as being the Devil's banker, on 18 January, 1610
The invention of cheap printing created a crises in religion in that each region had its own version of the Bible biased to serve its own perceived interests. Worse, many versions were in direct conflict with each other. King James solved the crises by issuing a "standard" King James Bible, translated into English, in 1611.
Gaufridi, Louis: burned at Marseilles, France, at 5:00 pm on 30 April, 1611
Colonists tired of religious persecutions left Jamestown to go live among
the indians. Governor Thomas Dale hunted them down and executed them for
daring to leave the church.
|The Pequod wars. A member of the Massachussetts Bay Colony was found dead, apparently at the hands of the Narragansett indians. Puritan leader John Mason told the puritans that God had ordered war on the indians, but picks the wrong tribe. The Pequod, friendly to the puritans and enemies of the Narragansett were attacked. Citing Deuteronomy 20, the women and children were killed as well. The few survivors were taken as slaves.|
Preston, Jennet: executed in York, England for witchcraft, in 1612
Redfearne, Anne: executed in Lancaster, England for witchcraft, in 1612
Robey, Isobel: executed in Lancaster, England for witchcraft, in 1612
Nutter, Alice: executed in Lancaster, England for witchcraft, in 1612
Device, Elizabeth: executed in Lancaster, England for witchcraft, in 1612
Device, James: executed in Lancaster, England for witchcraft, in 1612
Bulcock, John: executed in Lancaster, England for witchcraft, in 1612
Bulcock, Jane: executed in Lancaster, England for witchcraft, in 1612
Demdike, Elizabeth: convicted of witchcraft, but died in prison, in Lancaster, England, in 1612
Device, Alizon: (age 11 years) executed in Lancaster, England for witchcraft, in 1612
Hewitt, Katherine: executed in Lancaster, England for witchcraft, in 1612
Whittle, Anne: executed in Lancaster, England for witchcraft, in 1612 ;
Sutton, Mary: executed in Bedford, England for witchcraft in 1613. The above illustration shows the "swimming" of Mary, a torture method involving partial drowning to extract a confession.
Barber, Mary: executed in Northhampton, England for witchcraft, on 22 July,
Bill, Arthur: executed in Northhampton, England for witchcraft, on 22 July, 1612
Browne, Agnes: executed in Northhampton, England for witchcraft, on 22 July, 1612
Browne, Joan: executed in Northhampton, England for witchcraft, on 22 July, 1612
Jenkenson, Helen: executed in Northhampton, England for witchcraft, on 22 July, 1612
Sutton (mother) (first name unknown): executed in Bedford, England for witchcraft in 1613
Hunt, Joan: hanged in Middlesex, England for witchcraft in 1615
Coligny, Gaspard de: Protestant leader executed by the Catholics, his mutilated body left to rot on a gallows.
Catholics sack the city of Magdeburg, Germany, killing 30,000 Protestants. According to a witness, poet Friedrich Schiller, 50 women were beheaded inside a church.
The 30 years' war. 40% of the population of Germany is killed.
Leclerc, (no first name given): condemned for witchcraft, in France 1615
de la Plaine, Sylvanie: burned at Pays de Labourde, France, 1616
Leger, (no first name given): condemmned for witchcraft in France, on 6 May, 1616
Berrye, Agnes: hanged at Enfield, England, in 1616
Smith, Mary: hanged at King's Lynn, England, in 1616
Rutter, Elizabeth: hanged in Middlesex, England in 1616
Galigai, Leonora: beheaded at the Place de Grieve, France, on 8 July, 1617
Audibert, Etienne: condemned for witchcraft in France, on 20 March 1619
Baker, Anne: executed in Leicester, England, in 1619
Green, Ellen: executed in Leicester, England, in 1619
Willimot, Joan: executed in Leicester, England, in 1619
Flower, Joan: died before trial, at Lincoln, England, 1619
Flower, Margaret: executed at Lincoln, England, in March, 1619
Flower, Phillippa: executed at Lincoln, England, in March, 1619
Boulay, Anne: burned at Nancy, France, in 1620
Poiret, (first name unknown): burned at Nancy, France, in 1620
November 3, 1620 - King James I granted the Charter of the Plymouth council. "In the hope thereby to advance the enlargement of the Christian religion, to the glory of God Almighty."
November 11, 1620 - The Pilgrims signed the Mayflower Compact aboard the Mayflower, in Plymouth harbor. "In the name of God, Amen. We, whose names are underwritten, the Loyal Subjects of our dread Sovereign Lord, King James, by the Grace of God, of England, France and Ireland, King, Defender of the Faith, e&. Having undertaken for the Glory of God, and Advancement of the Christian Faith, and the Honour of our King and Country, a voyage to plant the first colony in the northern parts of Virginia; do by these presents, solemnly and mutually in the Presence of God and one of another, covenant and combine ourselves together into a civil Body Politick, for our better Ordering and Preservation, and Furtherance of the Ends aforesaid; And by Virtue hereof to enact, constitute, and frame, such just and equal Laws, Ordinances, Acts, Constitutions and Offices, from time to time, as shall be thought most meet and convenient for the General good of the Colony; unto which we promise all due submission and obedience. In Witness whereof we have hereunto subscribed our names at Cape Cod the eleventh of November, in the Reign of our Sovereign Lord, King James of England, France and Ireland, the eighteenth, and of Scotland the fifty-fourth. Anno Domini, 1620." A Puritan Minister will soon complain to leader William Bradford that while indians deserve to be killed, some effort should be made to force conversion upon them first so that they may go to heaven.
Mundie, Beatrice: tried for witchcraft in Inverkiething, Scotland 1621
Harlow, Bessie: tried for witchcraft in Inverkiething, Scotland 1621
Hamyltoun, Christiane: tried for witchcraft in Inverkiething, Scotland 1621
Kent, Margaret: tried for witchcraft in Inverkiething, Scotland 1621
Chalmers, Bessie: tried for witchcraft in Inverkiething, Scotland 1621
Chatto, Marioun: tried for witchcraft in Inverkiething, Scotland 1621
Sawyer, Elizabeth: hanged at Tyburn, England, on 19 April, 1621
Couper, Marable: burned in the north of Scotland in 1622
Dyneis, Jonka: burned in the north of Scotland in 1622
Jones, Katherine: burned in the north of Scotland in 1622
Reoch, Elspeth: burned in the north of Scotland in 1622
Scottie, Agnes: burned in the north of Scotland in 1622
Yullock, Agnes: burned in the north of Scotland in 1622
Wallace, Margaret: executed in Glascow, Scotland, in 1622
de Chantraine, Anne: burned as a witch in Waret-la-Chaussee, France, on 17 October, 1622
In 1622, Bishop Johann Gottfried von Aschhausen commenced one of the most infamous witch hunts in history, the Bamburg Witch Trials, which lasted just 8 years, condemned over 100,000 people to horrific death by fire. Aschhausen, later succeeded by Witch Bishop Johann Georg II, assembled a special team of lawyers and informants, all of whom were paid handsomely from the confiscated wealth of the condemned.
Botched doomsday prophecies! Eustachius Poyssel used numerology to pinpoint 1623 as the year of the end of the world.
Botched doomsday prophecies! The same astrologers who failed in predicting a great flood in 1524, finally moved their predictions safely beyond their own deaths, to 1624.
Haan, George: burned at Bamberg, Germany, circa 1626
Haan, (wife of George): burned at Bamberg, Germany, circa 1626
Haan, (daughter of George): burned at Bamberg, Germany, circa 1626
Haan, (son of George): burned at Bamberg, Germany, circa 1626
Hennot, Catherine: burned alive in Germany in 1627
13 year old Peter Roller was named as an accompliss by one of four condemned witches on 7/16/1627. Encouraged by priests, Roller claimed he was possessed and named others he claimed were in league with the devil. 24 were condemned and executed on his testimony alone. Three more commited suicide while in prison. Three more were permanently crippled by torture. The priests claimed Peter was "cured" and he was released 3/23/1628.
Junius, Johannes: of Bamberg, executed as a witch, on 6 August, 1628
Desbordes, (first name unknown): burned in France, in 1628
Harfner, (first name unknown): hanged herself in the prison of Bamberg, 1628-1629
Ancker, (first name unknown): beheaded at Würzburg, Germany, 1628-1629
Babel, Zuickel: beheaded at Würzburg, Germany, 1628-1629
Babel, (first name unknown): beheaded at Würzburg, Germany, 1628-1629
Bannach, (husband) (first name unknown): beheaded at Würzburg, Germany, 1628-1629
Bannach, (wife) (first name unknown): beheaded at Würzburg, Germany, 1628-1629
Basser, Fredrick: beheaded at Würzburg, Germany, 1628-1629
Batsch, (first name unknown): beheaded at Würzburg, Germany, 1628-1629
Baunach, (first name unknown): executed at Würzburg, Germany, 1628-1629
Bebelin, Gabriel: beheaded at Würzburg, Germany, 1628-1629
Beck, Viertel: beheaded at Würzburg, Germany, 1628-1629
Beck, (first name unknown): beheaded at Würzburg, Germany, 1628-1629
Berger, Christopher: beheaded at Würzburg, Germany, 1628-1629
Bentz, (mother) (first name unknown): beheaded at Würzburg, Germany, 1628-1629
Bentz, (daughter) (first name unknown): beheaded at Würzburg, Germany, 1628-1629
Beutler, (first name unknown): beheaded at Würzburg, Germany, 1628-1629
Brickmann, (first name unknown): beheaded at Würzburg, Germany, 1628-1629
Bugler, (first name unknown): beheaded at Würzburg, Germany, 1628-1629
Bursten-Binderin, (first name unknown): beheaded at Würzburg, Germany, 1628 - 1629
Canzler, (first name unknown): beheaded at Würzburg, Germany, 1628-1629
Crots, (son) (first name unknown): beheaded at Würzburg, Germany, 1628-1629
Edelfrau, (first name unknown): beheaded at Würzburg, Germany, 1628-1629
Eyering, (first name unknown): beheaded at Würzburg, Germany, 1628-1629
Fleischbaum, (first name unknown): beheaded at Würzburg, Germany, 1628-1629
Gering, (first name unknown): beheaded at Würzburg, Germany, 1628-1629
Glaser, (first name unknown): beheaded at Würzburg, Germany, 1628-1629
Gobel, Barbara: burned at Würzburg, Germany, 1628-1629
Gobel's child, (first name unknown): executed at Würzburg, Germany, 1628-1629
Goldschmidt, (first name unknown): beheaded at Würzburg, Germany, 1628-1629
Gutbrod, (first name unknown): beheaded at Würzburg, Germany, 1628-1629
Hafner, (son) (first name unknown): beheaded at Würzburg, Germany, 1628-1629
Hammellmann, Melchoir: beheaded at Würzburg, Germany, 1628-1629
Hans, David: beheaded at Würzburg, Germany, 1628-1629
Hans, Kilian: beheaded at Würzburg, Germany, 1628-1629
Hirsch, Nicodemus: beheaded at Würzburg, Germany, 1628-1629
Hoecker, (first name unknown): beheaded at Würzburg, Germany, 1628-1629
Hofschmidt, (first name unknown): beheaded at Würzburg, Germany, 1628-1629
Holtzmann, Stoffel: beheaded at Würzburg, Germany, 1628-1629
Hofseiler, (first name unknown): beheaded at Würzburg, Germany, 1628-1629
Jung, (first name unknown): beheaded at Würzburg, Germany, 1628-1629
Kanzler (first name unknown): executed at Würzburg, Germany, 1628-1629
Knertz, (first name unknown): beheaded at Würzburg, Germany, 1628-1629
Knor, (first name unknown): beheaded at Würzburg, Germany, 1628-1629
Kramerin, Schelmerey: beheaded at Würzburg, Germany, 1628-1629
Kuler, (first name unknown): beheaded at Würzburg, Germany, 1628-1629
Lambrecht, (first name unknown): beheaded at Würzburg, Germany, 1628-1629
Liebler, (first name unknown): beheaded at Würzburg, Germany, 1628-1629
Lutz, (first name unknown): beheaded at Würzburg, Germany, 1628-1629
Mark, Bernhard: burned alive at Würzburg, Germany, 1628-1629
Meyer, (first name unknown): beheaded at Würzburg, Germany, 1628-1629
Rutchser, (first name unknown): beheaded at Würzburg, Germany, 1628-1629
Schutz, Babel: beheaded at Würzburg, Germany, 1628-1629
Schwartz, (first name unknown): beheaded at Würzburg, Germany, 1628-1629
Schenck, (first name unknown): beheaded at Würzburg, Germany, 1628-1629
Schellhar, (first name unknown): beheaded at Würzburg, Germany, 1628-1629
Schickelte, (first name unknown): beheaded at Würzburg, Germany, 1628-1629
Schneider, (first name unknown): beheaded at Würzburg, Germany, 1628-1629
Schleipner, (first name unknown): beheaded at Würzburg, Germany, 1628-1629
Schwarz, (first name unknown): executed at Würzburg, Germany, 1628-1629
Schwerdt, (first name unknown): beheaded at Würzburg, Germany, 1628-1629
Shultz (infant), (first name unknown): executed at Würzburg, Germany, 1628-1629
Steicher, (first name unknown): beheaded at Würzburg, Germany, 1628-1629
Steinacher, (first name unknown): beheaded at Würzburg, Germany, 1628-1629
Stepper, (first name unknown): executed at Würzburg, Germany, 1628-1629
Stolzberger, (son) (first name unknown): beheaded at Würzbur g, Germany, 1628-1629
Stolzberger, (wife) (first name unknown): beheaded at Würzburg, Germany, 1628-1629
Stolzberger, (granddaughter) (first name unknown): beheaded at Würzburg, Germany, 1628-1629
Stuber, Laurence: beheaded at Würzburg, Germany, 1628-1629
Sturmer, (first name unknown): beheaded at Würzburg, Germany, 1628-1629
Seiler, (first name unknown): beheaded at Würzburg, Germany, 1628-1629
Silberhans, (first name unknown): beheaded at Würzburg, Germany, 1628-1629
Steinbach, (first name unknown): beheaded at Würzburg, Germany, 1628-1629
Stier, (first name unknown): beheaded at Würzburg, Germany, 1628-1629
Tungerslieber, (first name unknown): beheaded at Würzburg, Germany, 1628-1629
Wagner, Michael: beheaded at Würzburg, Germany, 1628-1629
Vaecker, Paul: beheaded at Würzburg, Germany, 1628-1629
Wagner, (first name unknown): burnt alive at Würzburg, Germany, 1628-1629
Wirth, Klingen: beheaded at Würzburg, Germany, 1628-1629
Wunth, (first name unknown): beheaded at Würzburg, Germany, 1628-1629
Haus, (wife) (first name unknown): beheaded at Würzburg, Germany, 1628-1629
Rum, (first name unknown): beheaded at Würzburg, Germany, 1628-1629
Valkenburger, (daughter) (first name unknown): beheaded at Würzburg, Germany, 1628-1629
Weydenbusch, (first name unknown): beheaded at Würzburg, Germany, 1628-1629
March 4, 1629 - The first Charter of Massachusetts read in part: "For the directing, ruling, and disposeing of all other Matters and Thinges, whereby our said People may be soe religiously, peaceablie, and civilly governed, as their good life and orderlie Conversacon, maie wynn and incite the Natives of the Country to the Knowledg and Obedience of the onlie true God and Savior of Mankinde, and the Christian Fayth, which in our Royall Intencon, and The Adventurers free profession, is the principall Ende of the Plantacion.."
Hunter, Alexander: burned at Edinburgh, Scotland, in 1629
Geissler, Clara: strangled at Gelnhausen, Germany circa 1630
Utley, (first name unknown): hanged at Lancaster, England, in 1630
Valee, Melchoir de la: burned at Nancy, France, in 1631
Bull, Edmund: hanged at Taunton, England, in 1631 ;
Illustration of the torture of Christine Boffgen by Witch-Judge Franz Buirmann,
Galileo was condemned and tortured in 1632 for his books supporting the theory that the Earth orbited around the sun, in violation of biblical declarations that the Earth rests on gigantic pillars and does not move at all. More than 300 years later, the church finally admitted it was wrong to mistreat Galileo, but still teaches that the Earth rests on gigantic pillars and does not move at all.
Quotes from the trial
; "To affirm that the Sun ... is at the centre of the universe and only rotates on its axis without going from east to west, is a very dangerous attitude and one calculated not only to arouse all Scholastic philosophers and theologians but also to injure our holy faith by contradicting the Scriptures"--; Cardinal Bellarmino, 17th Century Church Master Collegio Romano,who imprisoned and tortured Galileo for his astronomical works.
"To assert that the earth revolves around the sun is as erroneous as to claim that Jesus was not born of a virgin." -- Cardinal Bellarmino 1615, during the trial of Galileo.
"The doctrine that the earth is neither the center of the universe nor
immovable, but moves even with a daily rotation, is absurd, and both
philosophically and theologically false, and at the least an error of faith."
-- Catholic Church's decision against Galileo Galilei
The sentence of the church.
; Sentence of the Tribunal of the Supreme Inquisition against Galileo Galilei, given the 22nd day of June ; of the year 1633
; ; ; "It being the case that thou, Galileo, son of the late Vincenzio Galilei, a Florentine, now aged 70, wast denounced in this Holy Office in 1615:
; ; ; "That thou heldest as true the false doctrine taught by many, that the Sun was the centre of the universe and immoveable, and that ; the Earth moved, and had also a diurnal motion: That on this same matter thou didst hold a correspondence with certain German mathematicians....
; ; ; "That the Sun is the centre of the universe and doth not move from his place is a proposition absurd and false in philosophy, and formerly heretical; being expressly contrary to Holy Writ: That the Earth is not the centre of the universe nor immoveable, but that it moves, even with a diurnal motion, is likewise a proposition absurd and false in philosophy, and considered in theology ad minus erroneous in faith.....
; ; ; "Invoking then the Most Holy Name of Our Lord Jesus Christ, and of His most glorious Mother Mary, ever Virgin, for this Our definite sentence, the which sitting pro tribunali, by the counsel and opinion of the Reverent Masters of theology and doctors of both laws, Our Counsellors, we present in these writings, in the cause and causes currently before Us, between the magnificent Carlo Sinceri, doctor of both laws, procurator fiscal of this Holy Office on the one part, and thou Galileo Galilei, guilty, here present, confessed and judged, on the other part:
; ; ; "We say, pronounce, sentence, and declare, that thou, the said
Galileo, by the things deduced during this trial, and by thee
; ; ; confessed as above, hast rendered thyself vehemently suspected of heresy by this Holy Office, that is, of having believed and held a doctrine which is false, and contrary to the Holy Scriptures, to wit: that the Sun is the centre of the universe, and that it does not move from east to west, and that the Earth moves and is not the centre of the universe: and that an opinion may be held and defended as probable after having been declared and defined as contrary to Holy Scripture; and in consequence thou hast incurred all the censures and penalties of the Sacred Canons, and other Decrees both general and particular, against such offenders imposed and promulgated. From the which We are content that thou shouldst be absolved, if, first of all, with a sincere heart and unfeigned faith, thou dost before Us abjure, curse, and detest the above-mentioned errors and heresies and any other error and heresy contrary to the Catholic and Apostolic Roman Church, after the manner that We shall require of thee.
; ; ; "And to the end that this thy grave error and transgression remain not entirely unpunished, and that thou mayst be more cautious in the future, and an example to others to abstain from and avoid similar offences,
; ; ; "We order that by a public edict the book of DIALOGUES OF GALILEO GALILEI be prohibited, and We condemn thee to the prison of this Holy Office during Our will and pleasure; and as a salutary penance We enjoin on thee that for the space of three years thou shalt recite once a week the Seven Penitential Psalms, reserving to Ourselves the faculty of moderating, changing, or taking from, all other or part of the above-mentioned pains and penalties.
; ; ; "And thus We say, pronounce, declare, order, condemn, and reserve in this and in any other better way and form which by right We can and ought.
; ; ; Ita pronunciamus nos Cardinalis infrascripti.
; ; ; ; ; ; F. Cardinalis de Asculo.
; ; ; ; ; ; G. Cardinalis Bentivolius
; ; ; ; ; ; D. Cardinalis de Cremona.
; ; ; ; ; ; A. Cardinalis S. Honuphri.
; ; ; ; ; ; B. Cardinalis Gypsius.
; ; ; ; ; ; F. Cardinalis Verospius.
; ; ; ; ; ; M. Cardinalis Ginettus.
; ; -- Catholic Church's decision against Galileo Galilei
Galileo pre-torture (from "The Authority of Scripture in Philosophical Controversies")
; "I do not feel obliged to believe that same God who endowed us with sense, ; reason, and intellect had intended for us to forgo their use."
"In questions of science, the authority of a thousand is not worth the humble reasoning of a single individual."
"They know that it is human nature to take up causes whereby a man may oppress his neighbor, no matter how unjustly. ... Hence they have had no trouble in finding men who would preach the damnability and heresy of the new doctrine from the very pulpit..."
"I think that in the discussion of natural problems we ought to begin not with the Scriptures, but with experiments, and demonstrations."
"To command the professors of astronomy to confute their own observations is to enjoin an impossibility, for it is to command them not to see what they do see, and not to understand what they do understand, and to find what they do not discover."
"It vexes me when they would constrain science by the authority of the Scriptures, and yet do not consider themselves bound to answer reason and experiment."
"It is surely harmful to souls to make it a heresy to believe what is proved."
; "Having been admonished by this Holy Office [the Inquisition] entirely to abandon the false opinion that the Sun was the center of the universe and immovable, and that the Earth was not the center of the same and that it moved... I abjure with a sincere heart and unfeigned faith, I curse and detest the said errors and heresies, and generally all and every error and sect contrary to the Holy Catholic Church."
; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; -- Galileo Galilei, Recantation, 22 June 1633
; "One Galileo in two thousand years is enough." -- Pope Pius XII
Pomp, Anna: executed at Lindheim, Germany, in 1633
Heinrich von Schulthies, witch hunter, published, "Detailed Instrictions how to proceed in the Inquisition against the horrible vice of witchcraft" in 1634, essentially a manual on torture.
Grandier, Urbain: burned alive for witchcraft at Loudon, France, on 18 August, 1634. To convict him, church authorities forged a contract with the devil, complete with the signatures of Satan, Lucifer, Beelzebub, Astori, Elimi, and Laviathan. As a side note, the names Astori, Elimi, and Laviathan do not appear anywhere in the Bible.
Smallpox brought with the pilgrims wiped out the natives living near the Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1635. Governor John Winthrop thanks god for removing the indians from lands the pilgrims wanted.
Hermann Loher, a judge in Germany, begins to question the validity and worth of the witch trials. He is chased out of town by Christians, barely escaping with his family to Holland in 1636.
The Vatican, needing high voices for the choir but opposed to having women in the church (still pissed off about Pope Joan, no doubt), introduces the "Castrati", a castrated male singer in 1637. So prevelent was this Christian pactice that major composers including Mozart, Gluck, and Monteverdi write vocal parts specifically for Castrati. Castrati continued to be a part of Cathedral choirs until the early 20th century.
January 14, 1638 - The towns of Hartford, Weathersfield and Windsor adopted the Fundamental Orders of Connecticut."To mayntayne and presearve the liberty and purity of the Gospell of our Lord Jesus, which we now professe..." 25 years later, the town Hartford goes on a witch hunt.
Lamb, Dr.: stoned to death by a mob at St. Paul's Cross, London, England, in 1640
Fanatical puritans in control of the London government, and angered that the people prefered plays to prayers, ordered the closing of all theaters. First to go was William Shakespeare's Globe Theater.
Sir Matthew Hale, Lord Chief Justice of England, allows the use of false testimony to convict witches.
Barker, Janet: burned in Scotland in 1643
Brown, Janet: burned in Scotland in 1643
Brugh, John: burned in Scotland in 1643
Fynnie, Agnes: burned in Scotland in 1643
Cumlaquoy, Marian: burned at Orkney, Scotland in 1643
Lauder, Margaret: burned in Scotland in 1643
Peebles, Marion: burned in Scotland in 1643
Wanderson, (first name unknown): executed in England, in January, 1644.
April 3, 1644 - The New Haven Colony adopted their charter. "That the judicial laws of God, as they were delivered by Moses ... be a rule to all the courts in this jurisdiction ..." Four years later, this document will be adapted for the Masschussets Bay Colony Law of 1648, which includes the death penalty for witches (Exodus 22:18) and disobedient sons (Deuteronomy 21:18).
Cover of a pamphlet describing the mass trial of witches in England in 1645. The original is in the British Museum.
Williford, Joan: executed at Faversham, Kent, England, on 29 Sept. 1645
Lowes, John: hanged at Bury, England, about 1645
Cardien, Joan: executed at Faversham, Kent, England, on 29 Sept. 1645
Holt, Jane: executed at Faversham, Kent, England, on 29 Sept. 1645
Lakeland, (first name unknown): burned at Ipswich, England, in 1645
Louis, (first name unknown): executed at Suffolk, England, in 1646
Baroni, Catterina: beheaded and burned at Castelnovo, Italy, on 14 April, 1647
Camelli, Domenica: beheaded and burned at Castelnovo, Italy, on 14 April, 1647
Caveden, Lucia: beheaded and burned at Castelnovo, Italy, on 14 April, 1647
Cemola, Zinevra: beheaded and burned at Castelnovo, Italy, on 14 April, 1647
Gratiadei, Domenica: beheaded and burned at Castelnovo, Italy, on 14 April, 1647
Younge, Alse: hanged in Connecticut, North America, on 26 May, 1647
Boulle, Thomas: burned alive at Rouen, France, on 21 August, 1647
Jones, Margaret: executed in Charlestown, North America, on 15 June, 1648
Chmielnitzki massacres: In Poland about 200,000 Jews were slain in 1648.
Botched doomsday prophecies! Sabbatai Zevi, a rabbi from Smyrna, Turkey, predicted that the Messiah would come in 1648. When 1648 arrived, Zevi announced thet he was the Messiah!
April 21, 1649 - The Maryland Toleration Act was passed. "Be it therefor ... enacted ... that no person or persons whatsoever within this province ... professing to believe in Jesus Christ shall ... henceforth be any ways troubled, molested (or disapproved of) ... in respect of his or her religion nor in the free exercise thereof ..." It was, needless to say, open season on everyone else. ;
Four witches, names not recorded, being hung.
Bulmer, Matthew: hanged at Newcastle, England, in 1649
Knott, Elizabeth: hanged at St. Albans, England, in 1649
Palmer, John: hanged at St. Albans, England, in 1649
Allen, Joan: hanged at the Old Bailey, London, England, in 1650
Lake, Alice: executed at Boston, MA (?) ca. 1651
Adamson, Francis: executed at Durham, England, in 1652
Peterson, Joan: hanged at Tyburn, England, on 12 April, 1652
Huxley, Catherine: hanged at Worcester, England in the summer of 1652
Ashby, Anne: hanged at Maidstone, England, in July, 1652
Browne, Mary: hanged at Maidstone, England, in July, 1652
Martyn, Anne: hanged at Maidstone, England, in July, 1652
Reade, Mary: hanged at Maidstone, England, in July, 1652
Wilson, Anne: hanged at Maidstone, England, in July, 1652
Wright, Mildred: hanged at Maidstone, England, in July, 1652
Powle, (first name unknown): executed at Durham, England, in 1652
Newman, Elizabeth: executed at Whitechapel, England in 1653
Bodenham, Anne: hanged at Salisbury, England, in 1653
Botched doomsday prophecies! In 1578, physician Helisaeus Roeslin of Alsace, basing his prediction on a nova that occurred in 1572, predicted the world ending in 1654 in a blaze of fire.
Boram, (mother) (first name unknown): hung at Bury St Edmunds, England, in
Boram, (daughter) (first name unknown): hung at Bury St Edmunds, England, in 1655
Botched doomsday prophecies! Christian prophets predict the end of the world in 1656, based on the theory that 1656 years passed between the creation and Noah's flood.
Hibbins, Anne: hanged in Boston, Massachusetts on 19 June, 1656
Botched doomsday prophecies! The Fifth Monarchy Men, a group of radical Christians intending to force the British Parliament to base all laws on the Bible (much like the Christian Coalition does in the United States) predicted the world would end in 1657.
Brooks, Jane: hanged in England on 26 March, 1658
Oliver, Mary: burned at Norwich, England, in 1658
Orchard, (first name unknown): executed at Salisbury, England, in 1658
Botched doomsday prophecies! Devout Christian Christopher Columbus (yes, THAT Christopher Columbus) in his book "The Book Of Prophecies", predicted the world would end in 1658.
Dyer, Mary: hung in Massachucetts, N. America, 1 June, 1660
Brose, Elizabeth: tortured to death in the castle of Gommern, Germany, on 4 November, 1660
Botched doomsday prophecies! Joseph Mede, whose writings influenced James Ussher and Isaac Newton, claimed that the Antichrist appeared way back in 456, and the end of the world would come in 1660.
Allen, Jonet: burned in Scotland in 1661
Greensmith, (first name unknown): hanged in Hartford, New England, on 20 January, 1662
Vuil, Daniel: executed in Beaufort, Canada, in 1662
Schuler, (first name not known): burned at Lindheim, Germany on 23 February, 1663
Rullmann, ( first name unknown, the wife of Friedrich): executed on March 1, l664, Lindheim, Germany
Reuneg, Anna : executed on June 12, l663, Lindheim, Germany
Reuneg, Else : executed in the summer of l663, Lindheim, Germany
Reuneg, Katharina : executed on June 12, l663, Lindheim, Germany
Euler, Anna : executed on June 12, l663, Lindheim, Germany
Metzler, Elisabeth : executed on June 12, l663, Lindheim, Germany
Meurer, Katharina : executed on June 12, l663, Lindheim, Germany
Schneider, Margarethe (wife of Andreas): executed on June 12, l663, Lindheim, Germany
Ellroth, ( first name unknown, The wife of Balthasar Ellroth): executed on June 17, l663, Lindheim, Germany
Schneider, Margarethe (wife of Hans): executed on August 25, l663, Lindheim, Germany
Reuneg, Johann: executed on August 25, l663, Lindheim, Germany
Esch, Klaus : executed on August 25, l663, Lindheim, Germany
Kuhn (Bäcker-Margreth), Margarethe : executed on August 25, l663, Lindheim, Germany
Leschier, Heinrich and Maria: executed on August 25, l663, Lindheim, Germany
Brack, (first name unknown, the wife of Heinrich): executed on 25 August, l663, Lindheim, Germany
Pöppel, Hans : executed on 25 August, l663, Lindheim, Germany
Weber, Katharina: executed on August 25, l663, Lindheim, Germany
Cox, Julian: executed at Taunton, England, in 1663
Schüler, Martha: burned at Lindheim, Germany, 23 February, 1664
Cullender, Rose: executed at Bury St Edmunds, England, on 17 March 1664
Duny, Amy: executed at Bury St Edmunds, England, on 17 March, 1664
Reuneg, Philipp: executed on March 1, l664, Lindheim, Germany
Style, Elizabeth: died in prison, at Taunton, England, in 1664
Botched doomsday prophecies! During a period of strife, Ebnglish clergy announce that the year 1666 will bring the end of the world, a prediction thought to be coming true when a great fire strikes London.
Botched doomsday prophecies! Few believe Rabi Sabbatai Zevi is the Messiah,
so he changes his prediction for the appearence of the Messiah to 1666. He
is arrested for disturbing the peace with his prophecies, and when given
the choice between execution and conversion to Islam, eagerly converts.
Newspaper story of the conviction and execution of witch Anna Eberlehrin, 1669.
Oswald, Catherine: burned in Scotland in 1670
Weir, Thomas: burned between Edinburgh and Leith, Scotland, on 11 April, 1670
Drummond, Alexander: executed in Edinburgh, Scotland, in 1670
Botched doomsday prophecies! Deacon William Aspinwall, a leader of the Fifth Monarchy movement, predicts the end of the world for 1673.
Foster, Anne: hanged at Northhampton, England, in 1674
Baguely, Mary: hung at Chester, England, 1675
Preists blessing the instruments of torture in Germany, 1676.
Cotton Mather, pastor of the Second Church of Boston, called King Philip's War a BBQ. Mather, who later gained fame during the Salem Witch trials, thanked god for the smallpox which kill off the indians, then ordered his followers to kill the surviving men. The women and children were sold into slavery. ;
Craw, William: burned in Scotland in 1680
Hamilton, Margaret: burned in Scotland in 1680
Deshayes, Catherine: burned on 22 February, 1680
Thompson, Annaple: burned in Scotland in 1680
Vickar, Bessie: burned in Scotland in 1680
Pringle, Margaret: burned in Scotland in 1680
Pichler, (name unknown, son of Emerenziana, aged 12): burned at Defereggen, Germany, on 27 September, 1680
Pichler, (name unknown, son of Emerenziana, aged 14): burned at Defereggen, Germany, on 27 September, 1680
Pichler, Emerenziana: burned at Defereggen, Germany, on 25 September, 1680
King Louise XIV of France, the "Sun King", issues an edict in July 1682 bringing to an end the horrors of the witch hunts in France. French clergy threatened to excommunicate him.
Trembles, Mary: hanged at Bideford (Heavitree), England, 25 August, 1682
Edwards, Susanna: hanged at Bideford (Heavitree), England, 25 August, 1682
Lloyd, Temperance: hanged at Bideford (Heavitree), England, 25 August, 1682
Pastor Cotton Mather, alarmed at the impending arrival of William Penn and the Quakers (perhaps the only Christian group willing to allow the indians to live in peace) secretly plotted to have Penn and the Quakers captured and sold into slavery in Barbados in 1682.
"September ye 15, 1682, To ye Aged and Beloved Mr. JOHN HIGGINSON, There is now at sea a ship called the Welcome, which has on board an hundred or more of the heretics and malignants called "Quakers," with W.Penn, who is the chief scamp, at the head of them. The general court has accordingly given secret orders to Master Malachi Huscott, of the brig Porpoise, to waylay the said Penn and his ungodly crew, so that the Lord may be glorified, and not mocked on the soil of this new country with the heathen worship [sic] of these people. Much spoil can be made by selling the whole lot to Barbados, where slaves fetch good prices in rum and sugar. COTTON MATHER, American Clergyman."
Molland, Alice: executed at Exeter, England, 1684
Glover, Goody: hanged at Salem, New England, in 1688
Botched doomsday prophecies! John Napier, the mathematician who discovered logarithms, applies his new mathematics to the Book of Revelations and predicts the end of the world for 1688.
Botched doomsday prophecies! Pierre Jurieu, a Camisard prophet, predicted that Judgement Day would occur in 1689. The Camisards were Huguenots of the Languedoc region of southern France.
April 25, 1689 - The Great Law of Pennsylvania was passed. "Whereas the glory of Almighty God and the good of mankind is the reason and the end of government ... therefore government itself is a venerable ordinance of God ..."
The Salem Witch Trials
Cotton Mather published "Memorable Providences", describing the alledged witchcraft of an Irish women in Boston in 1691. The book was very popular and widely read in nearby Salem. Among its readers is Dr. William Griggs, who was treating young Betty Parris for some strange behaviors in 1692. Unable to find a cure and unwilling to admit ignorance, Grigs cited Mather's book to support a claim of bewitchment, sparking the Salem witch hysteria.
The Executed Salem Witches
Osburne, Sarah: died in prison at Boston, Massachusetts, 10 May, 1692
Bishop, Briget: hanged at Salem, New England on 10 June, 1692
Good, Sarah: executed at Salem, New England, on 19 July, 1692
How, Elizabeth: executed at Salem, New England, on 19 July, 1692
Martin, Susannah: executed at Salem, New England, on 19 July, 1692
Nurse, Rebecca: executed at Salem, New England, on 19 July, 1692
Wildes, Sarah: executed at Salem, New England, on 19 July, 1692
Jacobs, George: executed at Salem, New England, on 19 August, 1692
Burroughs, George: executed at Salem, New England, on 19 August, 1692
Carrier, Martha: executed at Salem, New England, on 19 August, 1692
Corey, Giles: pressed to death at Salem, New England, on 19 September, 1692
Willard, John: executed at Salem, New England, on 19 August, 1692
Procter, John: executed at Salem, New England, on 19 August, 1692
Wardwell, Samuel: executed at Salem, New England, on 22 September, 1692
Corey, Martha: executed at Salem, New England, on 22 September, 1692
Scott, Margaret: executed at Salem, New England, on 22 September, 1692
Parker, Alice: executed at Salem, New England, on 22 September, 1692
Parker, Mary: executed at Salem, New England, on 22 September, 1692
Pudeator, Anne: executed at Salem, New England, on 22 September, 1692
Reed, Wilmot: executed at Salem, New england, on 22 September, 1692
Easty, Mary: executed at Salem, New England, on 22 September, 1692
Increase Mather, brother to Cotten Mather and also a preacher, wrote that it was better to allow ten suspected witches escape than to kill one innocent person.
Philip von Limborch's "Historia Inquisitionis" was published in 1692. Blatently pro-church, it attempted to counter the growing criticism of the witch persecutions with stories of heroic inquisitors fighting powerful demonic forces.
Hansen, Anna: Arrested on suspicion of witchcraft 6/17/1692. Tortured into
confession, she was beheaded just three weeks later.
Chambers, (first name unknown): died in prison, in England, in 1693
Botched doomsday prophecies! Anglican rector John Mason and German theologian Johann Alsted both predicted the end of the world for 1694. Another German prophet Johann Jacob Zimmerman, predicted that Jesus would reappear in America and organized an expedition of Christians to sail across the Atlantic and welcome their savior when he reappeared. Although Zimmerman himself died on the day of departure, his followers completed the journey and remained encamped in the wilderness of North America until it became obvious that Jesus had stood them up.
Reid, John: hanged himself in prison, in Scotland, in 1697
Botched doomsday prophecies! Anglican rector Thomas Beverly predicts the end of the world for 1697.
Botched doomsday prophecies! Notorious witch chaser Cotton Mather predicts the end of the world for 1697.
MacEwen, Elspeth: Kirkcudbright Prison in Scotland, 1698
Coneman, (widow): executed in Coggeshall, England in 1699
Laing, Beatrix: executed in Scotland, 1704
Townsend, Amey: mob violence, St. Albans, England, 08 January, 1700
Botched doomsday prophecies! Puritans predicts the end of the world for 1697.
Botched doomsday prophecies! John Napiers' second try predicts the end of the world for 1697.
Botched doomsday prophecies! Henry Archer, a Fifth Monarchy Manpredicts the
end of the world for 1697.
Reverend Solomon Stoddard, one of New England's most esteemed religious leaders, formally proposed in 1703 to the Massachusetts Governor that the colonists be given the financial wherewithal to purchase and train large packs of dogs 'to hunt Indians as they do bears'.
Adams, Thomas: executed in Pittenweem, Scotland in 1704
Lang, Beatrix: died in Pittenweem, Scotland in 1704
Cornfoot (Corset), Janet: killed by a mob at Pittenweem, Scotland in 1704
Rattray, George: executed in Spott, Scotland, in 1705
Rattray, Lachlan: executed in Spott, Scotland, in 1705
Philipps, Mary: Northamtonshire, England, executed on 17 March 1705
Shaw, Elinor: Northamtonshire, England, executed on 17 March 1705
Horne, Janet of Dornoch: burned as a witch in Ross-shire (Scotland), June 1707
Massachussetts formally pardons most of the witchs hung at Salem. The rest will be pardoned in 1957.
Mossau, Renata von: beheaded and burned in Bavaria, Germany, on 21 June, 1749
Osborne, (husband) (first name unknown): killed by a mob of Christians at Tring, Herefordshire, England, on 22 April, 1750
Osborne, (wife) Ruth: killed by a mob at Tring, Herefordshire, England, on 22 April, 1750
Dennis Diderot commenced work on the first modern multi-volume encyclopedia in 1751. It did not conform itself to religious dogma of the day and before all 28 volumes were complete, the Jesuits had Diderot thrown in jail and his presses destroyed. The remaining volumes were published by underground printers.
Bayerin, Anna: executed at Salzburg, Austria, in 1751
Veronica Zerritsch: age 13, executed in Bavaria, Germany in 1754
The Archbishop of Cologne decreed that the costs of torturing a person suspected of witchcraft must be paid by the suspect or their family. He printed up a "price list" in 1757.
The English navigator Wallis discovered Tahiti in 1767, to be followed by the French explorer de Bougainville, and Captain James Cook. All three captains were overwhelmed by their reception at the hands of the people of Tahiti, and by the gifts showered upon them... When Cook left Tahiti... he wrote in his journal: "I ; directed my course to the West and we took our final leave of these happy islands and the good people on them." Captain Bligh of the Bounty, writing just prior to the mutiny, was if possible more impressed...: "I left these happy islanders with much distress, for the utmost affection, regard and good fellowship was among us during our stay..." ;
Father Juniperro Serra and the California Missions
In 1767, Father Juniperro Serra arrived in Baja, California as the President of the Baja California Missions. His task was to extend the chain of Missions up along the California coast. While overtly religious, the missions were actually stockades built to withstand popular uprisings against the Missionaries (of which there are many) and spaced less than a day's ride apart to provide protection to traveling clergy.
Following in the tradition of Columbus, the Spanish Conquestadores assigned to the missions rounded up Native Americans from the surrounding countryside and corraled them into the missions to work. As they died, the Padres attempted to convert them. At the mission of Nuestra Señora de Loreto, reported the Franciscan chronicler Father Francisco Paloú, during the first three years of Franciscan rule 76 children and adults were baptized, while 131 were buried... The same held true at others, from the mission of Santa Rosaliá de Mulegé, with 48 baptisms and 113 deaths, to the mission of San Ignacio, with 115 baptisms and 293 deaths - all within the same initial three year period.
For some missions, such as those of San José del Cabo and Santiago de las Coras, no baptism or death statistics were reported, because there were so few survivors [...] that there was no reason for counting [...] And what was done was simply that they brought more natives in, under military force of arms.
In short, the missions were furnaces of death that sustained their Indian population levels for as long as they did only by driving more and more natives into their confines to compensate for the huge numbers who were being killed once they got there. [...] Thus for example, one survey of life and death in an early Arizona mission has turned up statistics showing that at one time an astonishing 93 percent of the children born within its walls died before the age of ten - and yet the mission's total population did not drastically decline. [SH136f]
There were various ways in which the mission Indians died. [...] The personal living space for Indians in the missions averaged about seven feet by two feet per person for unmarried captives, who were locked at night into sex-segregated common rooms that contained a single open pit for a toilet. It was perhaps a bit more space than was allotted a captive African in the hold of a slave ship sailing the Middle Passage. [...] Of course, the mission Indians also worked like slaves in the padres' agricultural fields, but they did so with far less than half the caloric intake, on average, commonly provided a black slave in Mississippi, Alabama, or Georgia. [SH138] As one French visitor commented in the early nineteenth century, after inspecting life in the missions, the relationship between the priest and his flock "would ... be different only in name if a slaveholder kept them for labor and rented them out at will ..." But, we know now, he would have fed them better. [SH139]
The padres were also concerned about the continuing catastrophic decline in the number of babies born to their neophyte charges... here is a first-hand account of what happened at mission Santa Cruz when a holy and ascetic padre named Ramon Olbés came to the conclusion that one particular married couple was behaving with excessive sexual inhibition, thereby depriving him of another child to enslave and another soul to offer up to Christ:
He [Father Olbés] sent for the husband and he asked him why his wife hadn't borne children... they brought an interpreter. This [one] repeated the question of the father to the Indian, who answered that he should ask God.
The father asked through the interpreter if he slept with his wife, to which the Indian said yes. Then the father had them placed in a room together so that they would perform coitus in his presence. The Indian refused, but they forced him to show them his penis in order to affirm that he had it in good order... Fr. Olbés asked her if her husband slept with her, and she answered that, yes... He had her enter another room in order to examine her reproductive parts.
At this point the woman resisted the padre's attempted forced inspection; for that impertinence she received fifty lashes, was "shackled, and locked in the nunnery." He then gave her a wooden doll and ordered her to carry it with her, "like a recently born child," wherever she went. [SH141]
There was, of course, good reason for the Indians to fear the consequences of running away and being caught: Some of the run-away men were tied on sticks and beaten with straps. One chief was taken out to the open field and a young calf which had just died was skinned and the chief was sewed into the skin while it was yet warm. He was kept tied to a stake all day, but he died soon and they kept his corpse tied up. ;
Nathan, Abraham: executed at Haeck, Germany, on 24 September, 1772
Schwaegel, Anna Maria: beheaded at Kempten, Germany, on 11 April, 1775
Ethan Allen captured Fort Ticonderoga, 5/10/1775. Contrary to Christians who are trying to rewrite the early history of the United States, Ethen Allen was NOT a Christian and halted his own marriage ceremony until the judge changed "Laws of god" to "laws of nature".
Goeldi, Anna: hanged at Glaris, Switzerland, on 17 June, 1782
Ben Franklin died, 4/17/1790. Contrary to Christians who are trying to re-write the history of the United States by claiming the Founding Fathers were all Christians, Franklin's own words prior to his death tell another story. "As to Jesus of Nazareth, my Opinion of whom you particularly desire, I think the System of Morals and his Religion...has received various corrupting Changes, and I have, with most of the present dissenters in England, some doubts as to his Divinity; tho' it is a question I do not dogmatize upon, having never studied it, and think it needless to busy myself with it now, when I expect soon an opportunity of knowing the Truth with less trouble."
James Hutton published, "Theory Of The Earth" in 1795, in which he argued
that geological process moved so slowly that the Earth had to have been around
much longer than 4004 BC (the date of the Biblical Creation) in order to
explain the surface as it appears today. Darwin was inspired by Hutton's
The Christianizing of Tahiti
Reacting to the stories of Tahiti, and troubled that the crew of HMS Bounty could have found life among the Tahitians preferable to life among Christians, the religious orthodoxy of England founded the London Missionary Society in 1795 (which included their own armed police force). The sole purpose of the society was to bring Tahiti under Christian rule, in effect to remove a more pleasant alternative lifestyle that threatened Christian power. Two years later the first missionaries arrived in Tahiti and were as warmly treated by the Tahitians as had been earlier visitors. But after 7 years of missionary work (children were required to recite, "For what is Jehova angry with thee? Because I am evil and do evil." in Tahitian) there were few willing converts to Christianity.
What happened next is documented in a letter to home by one of the brethren, J.M.Orsmond. All the missionaries were at that time salting pork and distilling spirits. Pomare (the local chief) was introduced to the bottle by the missionaries. Orsmond describes the compact by which Pomare, reduced to an alcoholic, would be backed in a war against the other island chiefs on the understanding that his victory would be followed by enforced conversion (This is the same deal that Papal Nuncio Eugenio Pacelli made with Hitler, trading the Vatican's support for Hitler's promise to declare Catholocism Nazi Germany's state religion).
Since Pomare was supplied with firearms to be used against his opponents' clubs, victory was certain. "The whole nation", Orsmond wrote, "was converted in a day."
There followed a reign of terror. Persistent unbelievers were put to death and a penal code was drawn up by the missionaries and enforced by the mission police. it was declared illegal to adorn oneself with flowers, to sing (other than hymns), to surf or to dance. A moral code of such strictness was then enforced that a man walking with his arm round a woman at night was compelled to carry a lantern in his free hand. On the island of Raiatea a man who forecast the weather was treated as a witchdoctor and put to death.
Within a quarter of a century the process by which the native culture of Tahiti had been extinguished was exported to every corner of the Pacific, reducing the islanders to the level of the working class of Victorian England.
After their mass conversion it was hoped that the Tahitians might be induced to accept the benefits of civilization by putting them to [servile] work growing sugar cane... The enterprise failed, and Mr. Orsmond, believing that "a too bountiful nature diminishes men's natural desire to work", ordered all the breadfruit trees to be cut down so that the lack of a natural food supply would force the Tahitians to seek employment in the mission plantations.
Captain James Cook estimated that 200,000 people were living on Tahiti. After thirty years of missionary rule, only 6,000 remained.
Their power base firmly established in Tahiti, the missionaries moved swiftly to other islands. The methods employed were the same as before. A local chieftain would be baptized, crowned king, presented with a portrait of Queen Victoria, introduced to the bottle, and left to the work of conversion.
By 1850 the Christian conquest of the Pacific was complete. ;
Treaty of Tripoli passed in 1797, stating in part, "The government of the United States is not in any sense founded on the Christian religion."
Thomas Jefferson and the Seperation of Church and State
On January 1, 1802, Thomas Jefferson wrote the following letter to the Danbury Baptist Association, in the State of Connecticut.
To Messrs. Nehemiah Dodge and Others, a Committee of the Danbury Baptist Association, in the State of Connecticut January 1, 1802 Gentlemen, The affectionate sentiments of esteem and approbation which you are so good as to express towards me, on behalf of the Danbury Baptist Association, give me the highest satisfaction. ; My duties dictate a faithful and zealous pursuit of the interests of my constituents, and in proportion as they are persuaded of my fidelity to those duties, the discharge of them becomes more and more pleasing. Believing with you that religion is a matter which lies solely between man and his God, that he owes account to none other for his faith or his worship, that the legislative powers of government reach actions only, and not opinions, I contemplate with sovereign reverence that act of the whole American people which declared that their legislature should "make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof," thus building a wall of separation between church and State. ; Adhering to this expression of the supreme will of the nation in behalf of the rights of conscience, I shall see with sincere satisfaction the progress of those sentiments which tend to restore to man all his natural rights, convinced he has no natural right in opposition to his social duties. I reciprocate your kind prayers for the protection and blessing of the common Father and Creator of man, and tender you for yourselves and your religious association, assurances of my high respect and esteem.
Bateman, Mary: Yorkshire, England, 1808
Russel, Alice: killed by a mob at Great Paxton, England, 20 May, 1808
Andrew Jackson became President in 1828 after campaignng on the slogan that "The Bible is the Rock on which this Republic rests". Kept a collection of indian scalps he himself took, and in 1830 signed the Indian Removal Act which ordered the forced removal of the Cherokee from their lands. 4000 Cherokee died on the Trail of Tears.
Collin de Plancy published "Dictionaire Infernal", a catalog of demons. According to this book, the learning of foreign languages is the tool of the demon Ronwe. The name "Ronwe" does not appear in the Bible.
The Sand Creek Massacre
Methodist minister and church elder Colonel John Chivington ignored a white flag to lead the massacre at Sand Creek, killing 400-500 indians, mostly women and children 11/29/1864. Afterwards, his men decorated themselves with indian body parts.
The Hawaiian Plague
Reverend Rufus Anderson viewed the die-off of 90% of the native Hawaiians in 1866 as God's "amputation" of a diseased segment of the population.
Rapa Nui (Easter Island)
Missionaries arrived at Rapa Nui (Easter Island) some time in the early 1870s. Their first step in "Christianizing" the Rapanuians was to burn the wooden tablets covered with "Rongorongo", the only known written language of the Polynesians, erasing the written history of Rapa Nui. The missionaries so abused the Easter Islanders that Captain Jean Baptiste Onexime Doutrou-Bournier expelled the Christians from the island by force.
The Bill Of Rights
Leo XIII became Pope in 1878, and wrote that the Bill of Rights should never have been written because god did NOT give to man freedom of thought, action, and speech.
George Washington died of a throat infection 12/14/1799. Despite attempts by Christians to re-write the history of the United States there are no records that George Washington was a religious man, let alone what particular faith he followed. At his deathbed, he made no religious comments and did not ask for clergy to be in attendance.
Thomas Paine, author of "Common Sense" died 6/8/1809. Contrary to Christians
trying to re-write the history of the United States, Paine was not a Christian.
; "Among the most detestable villains in history, you could not find one worse than Moses. Here is an order, attributed to 'God' to butcher the boys, to massacre the mothers and to debauch and rape the daughters. I would not dare so dishonor my Creator's name by (attaching) it to this filthy book (the Bible)." "It is the duty of every true Deist to vindicate the moral justice of God against the evils of the Bible." "Accustom a people to believe that priests and clergy can forgive sins...and you will have sins in abundance."
; "The Christian church has set up a religion of pomp and revenue in pretended imitation of a person (Jesus) who lived a life of poverty."
Thomas Jefferson, third President of the United States and author of the
Declaration of Independence died just hours before John Adams on 7/4/1826.
Despite attempts by Christians to re-write the history of the United States
the facts are that Thomas Jefferson, while willing to placate Christians
to win their political support, privately called the Revelation of St. John
"the ravings of a maniac", the bible a "dunghill" and wrote:
; "The Christian priesthood, finding the doctrines of Christ levelled to every understanding and too plain to need explanation, saw, in the mysticisms of Plato, materials with which they might build up an artificial system which might, from its indistinctness, admit everlasting controversy, give employment for their order, and introduce it to profit, power, and pre-eminence. The doctrines which flowed from the lips of Jesus himself are within the comprehension of a child; but thousands of volumes have not yet explained the Platonisms engrafted on them: and for this obvious reason that nonsense can never be explained."
Yet more by Jefferson in a letter to William Short,
; "I have examined all the known superstitions of the word, and I do not find in our particular superstition of Christianity one redeeming feature. They are all alike founded on fables and mythology. Millions of innocent men, women and children, since the introduction of Christianity, have been burnt, tortured, fined and imprisoned. What has been the effect of this coercion? To make one half the world fools and the other half hypocrites; to support roguery and error all over the earth."
In another letter Jefferson wrote,
; "Christianity...(has become) the most perverted system that ever shone on man. ...Rogueries, absurdities and untruths were perpetrated upon the teachings of Jesus by a large band of dupes and importers led by Paul, the first great corrupter of the teaching of Jesus."
; "The clergy converted the simple teachings of Jesus into an engine for enslaving mankind and adulterated by artificial constructions into a contrivance to filch wealth and power to themselves...these clergy, in fact, constitute the real Anti-Christ."
John Adams, second President of the United States, died on 7/4/1826. Despite
attempts by Christians to re-write the history of the United States Adams
was not a religious man, indeed had defied his father to go into law instead
of the clergy, calling the church
; "pretended sanctity of some absolute dunces"
; "This would be the best of all possible worlds, if there were no religion in it!"
It is during Adam's administration that the Senate ratified the Treaty of Peace and Friendship, which states in Article XI that
; "the government of the United States of America is not in any sense founded on the Christian Religion."
Adams also wondered,
; "Where do we find a precept in the Bible for Creeds, Confessions, Doctrines and Oaths, and whole carloads of other trumpery that we find religion encumbered with in these days?"
James Madison, fourth President of the United States, died in 1836. Despite
attempts by Christians to re-write the history of the Unit ed States Madison
was, by his own words, not religious.
; "Religious bondage shackles and debilitates the mind and unfits it for every noble enterprise." "During almost fifteen centuries has the legal establishment of Christianity been on trial. What have been its fruits? More or less in all places, pride and indolence in the Clergy, ignorance and servility in the laity, in both, superstition, bigotry and persecution." "What influence in fact have Christian ecclesiastical establishments had on civil society? In many instances they have been upholding the thrones of political tyranny. In no instance have they been seen as the guardians of the liberties of the people. Rulers who wished to subvert the public liberty have found in the clergy convenient auxiliaries. A just government, instituted to secure and perpetuate liberty, does not need the clergy."
Madison objected to state-supported chaplains in Congress and to the exemption of churches from taxation. He wrote:
; "Religion and government will both exist in greater purity, the less they are mixed together."
James Young Simpson (1811-1870), a Professor of Midwifery at Edinburgh, used chloroform to relieve the pains of childbirth. He was promptly condemned by the church for violating the Biblical curse on women that "In sorrow thou shalt bring forth children." After Queen Victoria chose to be anesthetized in 1853 for the birth of Prince Leopold and again in 1857 for the birth of Princess Beatrice, however, the practice became common among the upper and middle classes.
"Dummy" (name unknown; he was deaf-and-dumb): killed by a mob of Christians
at Sible Hedingham, England, on 3 August, 1865
One witch, name not recorded, executed in Kaskaskia, Illinois, 1870.
Turner, Ann: murdered in England, in 1875.
5 witches, names not recorded, burned in Mexico, 1877.
Theodore Roosevelt became President in 1901, and declared the Sand Creek Massacre, "As righteous and beneficial a deed as ever took place on the frontier."
Tampering with the US Mail
At the annual convention of the American Federation of Catholic Societies, held at New Orleans, November 13-16, 1910, Archbishop Falconio, Papal Delegate to the Roman Catholic Church in America commanded post office employees who were Catholic to destroy any mail in transit to or from non Catholic churches. For more than a year, mail to and from non Catholic churches and organizations was destroyed by Catholic post office workers until the scandal became public, and laws were passed making tampering with the US mail a felony.
Boycotting the Encyclopedia Brittanica
At the annual convention of the American Federation of Catholic Societies, held at Columbua, Ohio, August 20-24, 1911, the Catholic Church commanded their followers to boycott the Encyclopedia Britannica, because articles contained in it did not support Catholic doctrine.
Pius XI became Pope in 1911. By his own words, he was "a man with no love for Democracy".
A man was shot on suspicion of being a werewolf in Uttenheim, Germany, November 1925.
Pius XI helped to bring Mussolini's Fascist Party to
power in Italy and in 1926 solemnly declared: "Mussolini is a man sent by Divine Providence." [MC247]
In 1935 Fascist Italy attacked and invaded Abyssinia. Since the population of Italy lacked enthusiasm
for this agression, the pope hastened to declare a new crusade. For example the Archbishop of Tarent,
holding a Holy Mass on a submarine, declared: "The war against Abyssinia should be viewed as a Holy War,
as a crusade," which also opened "Ethiopia, the land of infidels and schismatics, to the Catholic Faith."
An old woman, accused of being a witch, was beaten to death in Hungary in
A suspected witch was murdered in Pennsylvania in 1929.
Secular schools can never be tolerated because such schools have no religious
instruction, and a general moral instruction without a religious foundation
is built on air; consequently, all character training and religion must be
derived from faith ... we need believing people.
~ Adolf Hitler
Papal Nuncio Eugenio Pacelli, having helped bring about the fall of the Weimar
Republic, formed the Catholic German Party. On March 23, 1933, the German
Reichstag met, and the Catholic Party, led by its Catholic leaders, former
chancellor Brüning and prelate Mgr. Kaas,
personal friend of Pacelli, voted for Catholic Hitler. In his acceptance speech, Hitler described Christianity as, "essential elements for safeguarding the soul of the German people." Hitler, knowing who helped him to power, then stated, "We hope to improve our friendly relations with the Holy See." Just four months later, Hitler's government signed a concordat with the Vatican, a treaty that gave preferential legal status to the Catholic church above other churches.
Adolph Hitler was also supported by the Protestant "German Christians Party", who despised the Weimar Republic for its refusal to teach the Christian religion in the public schools, and the Lutherans, who hated the Jews.
Pacelli to the German Catholics: "...it is all the more necessary that the Catholics, deprived of diplomatic representation, should find in the diplomatic pacts between the Holy See and the National Socialist Government guarantees which can assure them ... the maintenance of their position in the life of the nation."
Photo of Hitler on the cover of a German Christian magazine. Note that the date follows the "Krystalnacht", the shameful anti Jewish race laws of Nuremberg of 1935, open harassment of the Jews, the sending of Communists, democrats, homosexuals, and others to concentration camps the annexation of Austria in early 1938, and the invasion of Czechoslovakia in March 1939.
Translation: German Deacon Press MAGAZINE FOR MALE DEACONRY Official Organ of the German Deacons One is your Master, Christ, but ye are all brethren 25th Year - - April 1939 - - Nr 4 (Picture) Heil to the Führer of all Germans
A very interesting letter dated December 2, 1933: (translation) "The District President of Segeberg County Bad Segeberg, City Hall, Hamburger Straße 30 Date of Receipt To the National Association for Inward Mission (=Deaconry) Department concentration camp Kuhlen in K u h l e n Neumünster District. (reference nr.) (file number) Ref. 7,2 - 12/2/1933 - Re:, Your letter of 28. last month to the mayor as head of the local police department of Bad Segeberg, referring to the payment of the amount invoiced for prisoners in protective custody (the term was generally used for concentration camp inmates) for the months September and October totaling 145.80 RM, has been forwarded to me. Hereupon I inform you that the invoice of 71.55 RM for September has not been ordered to be paid. This referred to the prisoners (blackened) and (blackened) from Bad Segeberg. The amount has already been invoiced with the letter to the District President. In this case the amount thus has been invoiced twice. From here I cannot ascertain if the amount of 74.25 RM for October has been paid, because all the records are in Schleswig. To investigate in this case the name of the prisoners in question will be required, as well as the total amount of the invoice for the month October. by proxy signed Jensen". This letter refers to a concentration camp which at the time was run by Lutheran deacons in Bad Segeberg, near Hamburg. The deacons charged the district president for their expenses.
September 1933: German Protestant deacons met in Hamburg to celebrate the centennial of their association. A Protestant pastor addressed his comrades in a speech entitled Deaconry as attack: "All this is Protestant deaconry: Service and fight. We greet you all as the SA of Jesus Christ and the SS of the Church, you brave ... [fighters] of need, misery, despair and dereliction." After the war the church removed the swastika from as many of the photos as they could locate. Only a few survived unaltered, such as this one.
November 15, 1933: More than a thousand deaconesses, and Lutheran nuns, met under the swastika. The Bishop of Berlin in his speech: "Permit me to compare our sisters with the SA!" (a paramilitary Nazi troop similar to the SS). Note that even the arrangement of the chairs forms a swastika.
"The Party stands for positive Christianity." -- Article 24 of the Nazi Party Platform
The Spanish people, stricken with poverty and kept illiterate by the ruling class, had swept away the monarchy, proclaimed a republic and elected a left-wing government in 1931. Separation of State and Church was made a reality, religious freedom was granted and civil marriage adopted. Some of the Church property, roughly one third of the nation's wealth, was nationalized. To fight the "Antichrists," a violent, relentless Catholic opposition was promptly started on a large scale throughout Spain.
By 1934 Catholic organizations already planned a coup d'état, having been in touch with the Fascist Government of Italy. On July 17, 1934 the Spanish Army rose in many Spanish towns. The Spanish Civil War had begun. As soon as the revolt broke out, General Franco made haste to let the pope know that his coup had succeeded. Franco flew the flag of Pope Pius XI over his headquarters. Pope Pius XI hoisted Franco's flag over the Vatican.
This was the beginning of a world-wide Catholic offensive against Republican Spain. Bishops in Mussolini's Italy, Hitler's Germany and other countries published pastoral letters urging Catholics to help. The pope issued a warning that the ; Spanish Civil War was a foretaste of what "is being prepared for Europe and the World unless the nations take appropriate measures against it."
Before the war ended, Pius XI died.
Pius XII became Pope in 1939. Pius XII's real name was Pacelli. He was the Papal Nuncio who had helped bring Hitler to power. A staunch anti Democrat, Pius XII continued the policies of his predecessor. When Franco finally established his dictatorship in Spain, Church property and all medieval privileges of the Church were restored. No other religion was allowed. Protestants and non-Catholics were sent to concentration camps for refusing to attend Catholic services. Freethinkers, democrats, Socialists and Communists were deprived of civil rights, imprisoned, or shot.
When the Spanish republic was finally defeated by Catholic troops under Franco,
would-be dictator of Spain, the pope sent a special message to the victors:
; "With great joy we address you, dearest sons of Catholic Spain, to express our paternal congratulations for the gift of peace and victory with which God has chosen to crown the Christian heroism of your faith ... We give you, our dear sons of Catholic Spain, our apostolic benediction."
Spain supported both Hitler and Mussolini during the World War 2. Under Pius XII, the bishops of Germany stayed loyal to the Nazis until the very end of the war.
The Nag Hammadi scrolls were discovered in Egypt in 1945, including texts long thought destroyed during the early Christian fight over "orthodoxy". Unlike the canonical Bible which was written long after the historical Jesus had died, the texts found at Nag Hammadi include the Gospel of Thomas, written while the historical Jesus was still alive, in which Jesus states that no formal church is needed to be a Christian. Virtually every Christian church has declared the Gospel of Thomas to be heresy. ;
While Italy and Germany were cranking up World War 2, the Vatican came to
the fore with
a Catholic fifth column by supporting a Croat underground separatist movement in Yugoslavia, an illegal
Nationalist Army composed of bands of Catholic terrorists, called the Ustashi. These groups were
led by the former lawyer Ante Paveliç, a fanatic Catholic, and by Archbishop A.Stepinac, leader of the
Catholic hierarchy in Croatia.
When Yugoslavia was invaded by the German Army in 1941, Paveliç proclaimed the independent state of Croatia, receiving congratulations from Archbishop Stepinac. From then on the new State set out to transform itself into an ideal Catholic State, as advocated by the Church, by means of mass removal, forced conversion, or simply extermination of non-Catholic Serbians, roughly one-third of the population.
In a matter af weeks atrocities exceeding those in Nazi concentration camps took place. Tens of thousands of Serbians were transported in trucks out of their villages, to be shot or worked to death in Ustashi concentration camps, which had quickly been erected in places such as Jasenovac, Stara Gradiska, and Gospic. Many of the killers were Franciscan friars, one, a certain Fr. Miroslav Filipoviç, even was commandant of the concentration camp at Jasenovac and became responsible for the death of about 40,000 men, women and children. All over the country forced mass conversions took place, sometimes the "rechristenings," as they were called, were celebrated not only with water but with blood.
Priest Ivan Raguz for example publicly urged the killing of all Serbs, including children, "so that even the seed of these beasts is not left."
Pius XII of course knew what was happening in Croatia, not only thanks to
the hierarchical administration of the Catholic Church, which kept him extremely
well informed, but also because of additional sources. Devout Ante Paveliç
sent him regular reports about the Catholization of the New Croatia, while
Archbishop Stepinac provided the latest figures of the forcible conversions.
|The Ustashi death camps were set up in Croatia 1946-1947. Run by machine gun toting Franciscans, and under the leadership of Ante Stepanic Pavelic (called "Brother Death") , they exceed even Aushwitz in the horrors inflicted on non-Catholics.||
Photo of "Brother Death".
So horrific were the tortures devised by the Franciscans that the SS complained to Hitler about them!
|One of the Ustashi camp gates.||When it became obvious that Germany would lose the war, the Ustashi dug up the bones of their victims and ground them up so that they would not be recognizable as human.|
Challiot, (first name unknown): murdered at St. Georges, France, in February,
Bunot, Leon: murdered in France by Victor Delorme on 26 Nov., 1948
Staunch Catholic Ngo Dinh Diem, President of South Vietnam, ordered all foreign aid to his nation to be given to Catholics only in 1954.
Arista, Josephine: burned at the stake in Ojinaga, Mexico, July 3, 1955
"In God We Trust" was made a permanent part of US money during the McArthy hysteria in 1956.
Staunch Catholic Ngo Dinh Diem, President of South Vietnam, orders all Buddhists arrested and put in concentration camps in 1956. Between 1956 and 1960, 80,000 Buddhists (and Protestants) were killed in those concentration camps.
Sabina, Benita: killed as a witch in Alfajayucan, Mexico, September 8,
Trajo, Christina: killed as a witch in Alfajayucan, Mexico, September 8, 1956.
23 year old Anneliese Michel died of starvation and multiple wounds following
prolonged exorcisms by two priests on 7/1/1976. The girl's parents were sent
to jail for failure to call medical help. Neither the priests nor the bishop
who recommended exorcism were ever charged with a crime. The girl's grave
is now considered a holy shrine by the church. ; "Everything is falling
into place. It can't be long now. Ezekiel says that fire
and brimstone will be rained upon the enemies of God's people. That must mean they'll be
destroyed by nuclear weapons... Gog the nation that will lead all of the other powers of
darkness against Israel, will come out of the north... Gog must be Russia... now that
Russia has set itself against God... it fits the description of Gog perfectly."
Future President Ronald Reagan, in a speech delivered during a political
function in 1971.
Suspected sorcerer was murdered in France in 1977.
Accused witch is stoned to death in Mexico in 1981.
60+ accused witches are murdered in the Congo between 1990-1996.
An outbreak of witch hysteria occurs in Kenya in 1992, with 300 accused witches being killed.
The African witch hysteria, fanned by clergy terrorizing the Africans into conversion, spreads to the North of Africa and 250 more accused witches are killed in 1994.
70 accused witches are killed in Northern Transvaal in 1994.
Satanic Ritual Sacrifice
The specter of the witch hunts of the middle ages surfaced in the United States in the form of a hysteria about Satanic Ritual Sacrifice of children. Despite much exposure in the media, fanned by religious zealots (and the ruination of lives of many innocent people) not actual cases of ritual sacrifice were ever found by the FBI.
Anglican and Catholic clergy were accused of aiding in the killing of Tutsis in Rwanda in 1994. Although the church tried to hush up the scandal, the minister of the church of the Holy Family was exposed in the media in 1996 for having killed Tutsis seeking sanctuary. Two Benedictine nuns fled to a nunnary in Belgium to avoid prosecution.
Maquixtle, Eduardo Quiahua: accused of witchcraft and murdered at Vicente
Guererro, Mexico, 1996
Maquixtle, Andrea, (wife) : accused of witchcraft and murdered at Vicente Guererro, Mexico, 1996
Maquixtle, (child 1): accused of witchcraft and murdered at Vicente Guererro, Mexico, 1996
Maquixtle, (child 2): accused of witchcraft and murdered at Vicente Guererro, Mexico, 1996
Maquixtle, (child 3): accused of witchcraft and murdered at Vicente Guererro, Mexico, 1996
Maquixtle, (child 4): accused of witchcraft and murdered at Vicente Guererro, Mexico, 1996
Neepudi and her three daughters Agaramanao Devi (10), Malati (8) and Lalita (6) and two sons Kuldip (4) and Dilip (2) accused of witchcraft, were axed to death in Mandwa village of Palamau district, in eastern India's Bihar state in September 1997.
2 accused witches, names not recorded, burned at Gannore, India on 9 Feb.
1 accused witches, names not recorded, burned alive at Verkhnesadovye, Ukraine, January 1997.
3 accused witches, names not recorded, murdered by a mob in Yoggu, Ghana, 1997.
1 accused witches, names not recorded, beheaded in Saudi Arabia in 1997.
2 accused witches, names not recorded, killed by a mob in Tamale, Ghana, January, 1998.
100+ accused witches, names not recorded, killed in Indonesia, 1998.
BBC reported that two priests who were convicted of murdering Tutsis were sentanced to death by the Rwandan courts in 1998.
Manzayiwa, Tomi: accused of witchcraft and murdered in Umtata, South Africa,
19 December, 1998
Ntele, Anna: accused of witchcraft and beaten to death, South Africa, February 1998
Ntleki, Aphiwe (child): accused of witchcraft and burned to death at Balasi, Eastern Pondoland, S.A. in January 1999
Ntleki, Lihle (child): accused of witchcraft and burned to death at Balasi, Eastern Pondoland, S.A. in January 1999
Ntleki, Madinda: accused of witchcraft and burned to death at Balasi, Eastern Pondoland, S.A. in January 1999
Ntleki, Zamabhala (child): accused(of`witchcraft and burned to death at Balasi, Eastern Pondoland, S.A. in January 1999
Ntleki, Zisanda (child): accused of witchcraft and burned to death at Balasi, Eastern Pondoland, S.A. in January 1999
Khawuta, Zamabhengu: accused of witchcraft and burned to death at Balasi, Eastern Pondoland, S.A. in January 1999.
Qamza, Hlanjiwe: accused of witchcraft and burned to death at Ludeke near Bizana, S.A. in January 1999.
1 woman, name not recorded, accused as a witch and shot in Siqhungwini, SA, January, 1999.
In October 1999, Hindus in India demand a full and public apology from Pope John Paul II for the forced conversions of Hindus by the Catholic church and for the massacre of 75,000 Hindus at Goa in the 17th century.
In September, 2000, the Vatican declared all non-Catholic churches "defective" and warned that followers of non catholic religions could not get into heaven, no matter how virtuous they lived their lives.
In the spring of 2001, Nathanial Bar-Jonah, a volunteer with the "Royal Rangers", a Christian equivilent of the Boy Scouts connected to the Assemblies of God Church, was arrested for killing, eating, and serving to his friends, one of the young boys he had been entrusted with.
May, 2005. Bobby Henderson reveals the Church of the Flying Spaghetti Monster. Widely considered to be just a joke, the initial story of the FSM was in fact a letter to a school board protesting creationism being taught in science classes. The FSM became an instant hit on the World Wide Web, and the "Pastafarians" continue to grow in numbers.
R.Robbins, The Encyclopedia Of Witchraft & Demonology, Crown Publishers,
Nw York 1959.
K.Deschner, Abermals krähte der Hahn, Stuttgart 1962.
K.Deschner, Opus Diaboli, Reinbek 1987.
P.W.Edbury, Crusade and Settlement, Cardiff Univ. Press 1985.
S.Eidelberg, The Jews and the Crusaders, Madison 1977.
Hunter, M., Wootton, D., Atheism from the Reformation to the Enlightenment, Oxford 1992.
Schröder-Kappus, E., Wagner, W., Michael Sattler. EinMärtyrer in Rottenburg, Tübingen, TVT Media 1992.
H.C.Lea, The Inquisition of the Middle Ages, New York 1961.
M.Margolis, A.Marx, A History of the Jewish People.
A.Manhattan, The Vatican's Holocaust, Springfield 1986.
V.Dedijer, The Yugoslav Auschwitz and the Vatican, Buffalo NY, 1992.
J.T.Noonan, Contraception: A History of its Treatment by the Catholic Theologians and Canonists, Cambridge/Mass., 1992. Newscast of S2 Aktuell, Germany, 10/10/96, 12:00.
D.Stannard, American Holocaust, Oxford University Press 1992.
German news magazine Der Spiegel, no.49, 12/2/1996.
A True Account of the Most Considerable Occurrences that have Hapned in the Warre Between the English and the Indians in New England, London 1676.
F.Turner, Beyond Geography, New York 1980.
H.Wollschläger: Die bewaffneten Wallfahrten gen Jerusalem, Zürich 1973.
N.Cohn, Europe's Inner Demons: An Enquiry Inspired by the Great Witch Hunt, Frogmore 1976, 253.
R.H.Robbins, The Encyclopedia of Witchcraft and Demonology, New York 1959, 180.
J.B.Russell, Witchcraft in the Middle Ages, Ithaca/NY 1972, 39.
H.Zwetsloot, Friedrich Spee und die Hexenprozesse, Trier 1954, 56.
V.Dedijer, The Yugoslav Auschwitz and the Vatican, Buffalo NY, 1992.
E.Klee, Gott mit uns. Der deutsche Vernichtungskrieg im Osten (God Is On Our Side. The German War of Annihilation in the East), Frankfurt/Main: Fischer 1989.
E.Klee, Die SA Jesu Christi. Die Kirchen im Banne Hitlers (The SA of Jesu s Christ: The Churches Under Hitler), Frankfurt/Main: Fischer 1989.
H.Maccoby, The Sacred Executioner, London: Thames & Hudson 1989.
B.Rill, Die Inquisition und ihre Ketzer (The Inquisition and its Heretics), Puchheim: IDEA 1982.
D.E.Stannard, American Holocaust. Columbus and the Conquest of the New World, New York: Oxford University 1992.
H. C. Lea, trans., A History of the Inquisition of the Middle Ages, (New York, Harper & Brothers, 1887), Vol. 1
The writings of Thomas Jefferson exist in 25 volumes. The references for this article were found in the book, SIX HISTORIC AMERICANS, by John E. Remsburg (who interviewed many of Lincoln's associates). Much of his work on Jefferson came from THE MEMOIRS, CORRESPONDENCE AND MISCELLANIES FROM THE PAPERS OF THOMAS JEFFERSON, 4 volumes ed. by Thomas Jefferson Randolph (the grandson of Thomas Jefferson).
THE WITCHCRAFT TRIALS
Grun, Bernard. The Timetables of History. 3rd ed. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1991.
Barraclough, Geoffrey. ed. The Times Atlas of World History. London: Times Books Ltd., 1979. (20-23)
Janson, Anthony F. History of Art. 5th ed. New York: Hary N. Abrams, 1995. (402-5, 632-6)
Cheetham, Nicholas. Keepers of the Keys. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1983. (318-20)
Harmon, William and C. Hugh Holman. A Handbook to Literature. 7th ed. New Jersey: Prentice Hall, 1996. (555-571)
Kors, Alan C. and Edward Peters. eds. Witchcraft in Europe 1100-1700: A Documentary Study. 1972. Philidelphia: U of Penn Press, 1997.
Ziegler, Philip. The Black Death. 1969. New York: Harper & Row, 1971. ;
THE ORIGINS OF PAGAN AND CHRISTIAN BELIEFS, by Edward Carpenter
PAGAN CHRISTS, by J.M. Robertson
AGE OF REASON, by Thomas Paine
THE BORN AGAIN SKEPTICS GUIDE TO THE BIBLE, by Ruth Hurmence Green
WHY I AM NOT A CHRISTIAN, by Bertrand Russell
THE MYTHIC PAST, by Thomas L. Thompson
(If you are Jewish or need more about the Old Testament)
THE BIBLE UNEARTHED, by Israel Finkelstein and Neil Asher Silberman
THE VIEW FROM NEBO, by Amy Dockser
GOD 2000 (RELIGION WITHOUT THE BIBLE) by Paul Winchell
Then on to:
THE X-RATED BIBLE, by Ben Edward Akerley
THE SUPERNATURAL, THE OCCULT AND THE BIBLE, by Gerald A. Larue
THE HISTORY OF WITCHCRAFT, by Montague Summers
MALLEUS MALEFICARUM, (witches hammer)((used to torture and kill millions?))
THE CATHOLIC CHURCH, by Barrie Ruth Strauss
THE BAD POPES, by E.R. Chamberlin
THE MYTHMAKER, by Hyam Maccoby
THE SECRET GOSPELS, edited, translated by R. Joseph Hoffmann
THE LOST GOSPEL, by Burton L. Mack
A HISTORY OF PHALLIC WORSHIP, by Richard Payne Knight & Thomas Wright
PHALLIC WORSHIP, by George Ryley Scott
A WORLD FULL OF GODS, by Keith Hopkins
(Further reading of benefit:)
THE GOLDEN BOUGH, by James C. Frazer
THE ENCYCLOPEDIA OF CLAIMS, FRAUDS AND HOAXES OF THE OCCULT AND SUPERNATURAL, by James Randi
THE HIGHEST ALTAR, by Patrick Tierney
THE FIRST MESSIAH, by Michael O. Wise
MESSIAHS, by John Hogue
THE HISTORY OF THE CHURCH, by Eusebius (263-339 c.e. or a.d.) Links to more information.
SKEPTIC annotated bibliography. Amazingly great meta-site!
The Evidence for Human Evolution. For the "no evidence" crowd.
Massive mega-site with thousands of links on evolution, creationism, young earth, etc..
Site that debunks virtually all of creationism's fallacies.
Another amazing site full of links debunking creationism.
Creationism and Pseudo Science. Great cartoon!
IS CREATIONISM FOR REAL?. And good links too.
CREATION-EVOLUTION ENCYCLOPEDIA (Creation oriented)
Major Misconceptions about Evolution. On point and well- written.
Frequently Asked But Never Answered Questions. A creationist nightmare!
DARWIN, FULL TEXT OF HIS WRITINGS. The original ee-voe-lou-shunist.
Ayn Rand and Objectivism.
American Association for the Advancement of Science. Loads of info.
Does Evolution Rule Out God's Existence?.
"INTELLIGENT DESIGN" THEORY
American article: "SELF-ORGANIZATION" For those who keep advancing
the "do the math" argument
Are the Odds Against the Origin of Life Too Great to Accept?
The Probability of Abiogenesis Good discussion of life's origins
Why Evolutionary Algorithms Cannot Generate Specified Complexity, Dembski (Hi, jazzraptor)
Irreducible Complexity and Michael Behe Just what it says, pro and con.
Review: "Darwin's Black Box" (Very critical review)
Science or Immoral Pseudoscience?. Critique of Duane Gish.
Creationist Kent Hovind's $250K Offer. You win if you prove there are no miracles.
Report on a Hovind Debate
Another Hovind debate report.
GALILEO LINKS (The solar system was heresy)
against Galileo and Galileo's confession. For proving the
contra-scripture solar system.
Faith can never conflict with reason. Pope John Paul II's statement on Galileo in 1992.
The Pope's 1996 statement on evolution (about 330 years after Galileo died under house arrest).
ORIGIN OF LIFE LINKS
Origins of Life
Links. From jazzraptor
The Beginnings of Life on Earth, by de Duve. (Just what it says, from VadeRetro
Recent Scientific Papers on ALH 84001. (The Martian meteorite. Fossils?)
Weizmann Institute's New Theory: The Origin Of Life . (From Moonman62)
JUNK SCIENCE: 2ND LAW, ROCK DATING
2nd law of thermodynamics, so beloved (and so poorly understood)
The Second Law of Thermodynamics!. (from jennyp)
ENTROPY and the Second Law of Thermodynamics!. (from jennyp)
Radiometric Dating A Christian Perspective. Bible-believing Christians' viewpoint
Answers In Genesis . (Articles inspiring many junk science threads.)
EVIDENCE OF TRANSITIONAL SPECIES (besides your toes)
Vertebrate Fossils. (You want fossils? We got 'em!) from jennyp.
Observed Instances of Speciation New species have formed right before our eyes (jennyp)
Common Ancestry Of Monkeys, Apes And Humans Still another transitional species!
Speciation by Punctuated Equilibrium. (Evidence of punk eek.)
YOUNG EARTH LINKS (Only 6K years?)
We Expect to Find if the World had Flooded?
The World's Oldest Living Thing. (12,000 years old)
Is the Earth Young? Rebuttal of 10 arguments.
Does the Bible Teach a Young Earth? Scholarly discussion. Answer "no."
Is the Young-Earth Interpretation Biblical? A Christian denies young earth.
How Good Are Those Young-Earth Arguments? Huge rebuttal of Hovind.
The Taylor Site "Man Tracks" Man and dinosaur tracks together?
03/06/02 Church will pay $57 million to settle child sex abuse cases. Just step right up to those collection plates, folks.
02/23/02 Sexual abuse by priests scandal erupts in Philadelphia The blackest of hearts lurk under those white robes.
Archbishop hit with molestation scandal Maybe it's easier
to keep count of the clergy who AREN'T deviants
02/10/02 80 priests in Boston (one out of every ten) accused of molestation Okay, one more time; Just WHY are we supposed to think Islam is bad?
guess Boston got a little too hot for them
03/10/02 Florida Bishop Resigns Over Molestation Has it sunk in yet that under those white robes beat black hearts?
03/15/02 Catholics getting fed up with recent church scandals They should read up on the history of Pope Alexander the 6th.
03/17/02 Church Sex Scandal Continues To Explode Across The Nation It's going to take a LOT of collection plates to pay off this mess.
03/17/02 New York Cardinal covered-up for molesting priests.
03/17/02 Collection of stories about church sex scandal
03/17/02 Sex scandal engulfing church is far from over
03/17/02 Greek Orthodox Priests and monks caught calling phone sex chat lines Just so you don't think I am only picking on the Catholics.
03/17/02 Catholic Church wrestles with pedophilia I think "wrestling" is what got them into this mess in the first place.
03/17/02 Scandal puts Law legacy, church credibility at risk
03/18/02 Church newspaper questions whether celibacy should be required of priests They AREN'T Celibate. That's the problem!
03/20/02 And the Presbyterians....
03/20/02 Yet another church sex scandal "Oh come all ye faithful?"
03/22/02 Another priest suspended over sexual allegations If the self-appointed spokesmen for the deity can't control their own lives, they certainly have no business telling anyone else how to run theirs.
03/14/02 Church Sex Scandal Crisis Spreads Sort of puts a new slant on "Don we now our gay apparel"
03/24/02 Church bribed witnesses and faked reports to protect molesting priests Has it sunk in yet that commercialized religion is a fraud?
04/2/02 Church settles with woman made pregnant by priest
03/30/02 Los Angeles Cardinal besieged by shady mortuary deal, cost overruns on new Cathedral, accusations of celebrity-chasing, and, oh yes, there's that pedophilia thing.
04/4/02 Okay, so we have this priest who spends the night with a male prostitute because he's under stress, then files a false police report claiming his car was stolen when the prostitute gets arrested on a drug charge while driving the priest's car. So, how is it that the "all knowing" God these guys insist is real allowed this clown (and as well all the child molesters) to get a job at his branch office in the first place?
04/6/02 Los Angeles' Cardinal Mahoney Accused of Sexual Abuse The good news: it's a woman who is accusing him.
04/12/02 Sexual Abuse Cases Hit Church Finances "C.mon, c.mon, pass those plates along, we gotta be in court in an hour!"
04/12/02 Cardinal Egan and two NY Bishops covered up for molesting priest
04/14/02 Wisconsin Archbishop Covered up for Molesting Priest "Thy rod and thy staff, they comfort me...."
04/18/02 450 new abuse victims surface in Boston
04/26/02Boston child-molesting priest taught children how to inject drugs! Religion is a thousand-year-old con-game, preying on fear and superstition to enslave people with beliefs. Under the whitest robes lurk blackest hearts!
04/29/02Girl victims overlooked in horror stories of clergy sexual abuse.
04/29/02Child molestation scandal has affected 46 out of fifty states.
04/30/02Cardinal Ratzinger bitch-slaps a reporter for asking about Pope's
buddy and molested boys I'll bet the church misses the days when they could
just burn guys like Girolamo Savonarola for reporting on the wild orgies
Pope Alexander VI threw in the Vatican, with his daughter and lover Lucrezia
Borgia by his side!
The following are quoted from William Manchester's "A World Lit Only by Fire- The Medieval Mind and The Renaissance" .Little, Brown & Company, 1992 "Once he became Pope Alexander VI, Vatican parties, already wild, grew wilder. They were costly, but he could afford the lifestyle of a Renaissance prince; as vice chancellor of the Roman Church, he had amassed enormous wealth. As guests approached the papal palace, they were excited by the spectacle of living statues: naked, gilded young men and women in erotic poses. Flags bore the Borgia arms, which, appropriately, portrayed a red bull rampant on a field of gold. Every fete had a theme. One, known to Romans as the Ballet of the Chestnuts, was held on October 30, 1501. The indefatigable Burchard describes it in his Diarium. After the banquet dishes had been cleared away, the city's fifty most beautiful whores danced with the guests, "first clothed, then naked." The dancing over, the "ballet" began, with the Pope and two of his children in the best seats.
Candelabra were set up on the floor, scattered among them were chestnuts, "which", Burchard writes, "the courtesans had to pick up, crawling between the candles." Then the serious sex started. Guests stripped and ran out onto the floor, where they mounted, or were mounted by, the prostitutes. "The coupling took place," according to Burchard, "in front of everyone present." Servants kept score of each man's orgasms, for the Pope greatly admired virility, and measured a man's machismo by his ejaculative capacity. After eveyone was exhausted, His Holiness distributed prizes- cloaks, boots, caps, and fine silken tunics. "The winners", the diarist wrote, "were those who made love with the courtesans the greatest number of times."
And you thought all this sexual scandal was just a recent thing!
04/30/02 Religion IS a racket.
04/30/02 Cardinal Law: Victim and parents were "Negligent" in sexual abuse case involving priest. I know religious types are supposed to be gullible, but c'mon now!
05/1/02 I'm just SURE they were just friends!
(Original Len: 226612 Condensed Len: 226943)
04-08-2008 @ 12:48:14
|Link Label on this page||Uploaded||Webpage Title of Link file|
|(A) No Incomplete Links:|
|(B) HTTP:// Links:|
|>||#1 The "Big Bang" is Just Religion Disguised as Science||ext=TML||http:\\www.whatreallyhappened.com\bang.html|
|>||#3 Sand Creek Massacre||ext=TML||http:\\www.whatreallyhappened.com\ATHEISM\inquisition.html|
|>||#4 The SKEPTIC annotated bibliography||ext=ISM||http:\\www.csicop.org\bibliography\home.cgi\creationism|
|>||#5 The Evidence for Human Evolution||ext=MS\||http:\\www.talkorigins.org\faqs\homs\|
|>||#6 Massive mega-site with thousands of links on evolution, creationism, young earth, etc.||ext=TML||http:\\members.aol.com\skepticweb\evolution.html|
|>||#7 Site that debunks virtually all of creationism's fallacies||ext=TML||http:\\icarus.cc.uic.edu\~vuletic\cefec.html|
|>||#8 Another amazing site full of links debunking creationism||ext=AR\||http:\\www.onthenet.com.au\~stear\|
|>||#9 Creationism and Pseudo Science||http:\\members.home.net\fsteiger\creation.htm|
|>||#10 IS CREATIONISM FOR REAL?||http:\\www.enconnect.net\rjtolle\index.htm|
|>||#11 CREATION-EVOLUTION ENCYCLOPEDIA||ext=IA\||http:\\www.pathlights.com\ce_encyclopedia\|
|>||#12 Five Major Misconceptions about Evolution||ext=TML||http:\\www.talkorigins.org\faqs\faq-misconceptions.html|
|>||#13 Frequently Asked But Never Answered Questions||ext=TML||http:\\www.talkorigins.org\faqs\fabnaq.html|
|>||#14 DARWIN, FULL TEXT OF HIS WRITINGS||ext=ES\||http:\\www.literature.org\authors\darwin-charles\|
|>||#15 Ayn Rand and Objectivism||ext=TML||http:\\www.aynrand.org\home.html|
|>||#16 American Association for the Advancement of Science||ext=ON\||http:\\www.aaas.org\spp\dser\evolution\|
|>||#17 Does Evolution Rule Out God's Existence?||http:\\www.aaas.org\spp\dspp\dbsr\EVOLUT\HAUGHT.htm|
|>||#18 Scientific American article: "SELF-ORGANIZATION"||ext=TML||http:\\www.sciam.com\explorations\062496kaufman.html|
|>||#19 Are the Odds Against the Origin of Life Too Great to Accept?||ext=TML||http:\\www.infidels.org\library\modern\richard_carrier\addendaB.html|
|>||#20 The Probability of Abiogenesis||ext=TML||http:\\www.talkorigins.org\faqs\faq-abiogenesis.html|
|>||#21 Why Evolutionary Algorithms Cannot Generate Specified Complexity, Dembski||http:\\www.baylor.edu\~William_Dembski\docs_articles\meta152.htm|
|>||#22 Irreducible Complexity and Michael Behe||ext=TML||http:\\www.talkorigins.org\faqs\behe.html|
|>||#23 Review: "Darwin's Black Box"||ext=TML||http:\\www.cs.colorado.edu\~lindsay\creation\behe.html|
|>||#24 Creationism: Bad Science or Immoral Pseudoscience?||ext=TML||http:\\mypage.direct.ca\w\writer\gish.html|
|>||#25 Creationist Kent Hovind's $250K Offer||http:\\www.drdino.com\Articles\Article1.htm|
|>||#26 Report on a Hovind Debate||http:\\www.linkline.com\personal\frice\hovind.htm|
|>||#27 Another Hovind debate report||http:\\www.linkline.com\personal\frice\hovind2.htm|
|>||#28 Heresy charges against Galileo and Galileo's confession||ext=TML||http:\\www.fordham.edu\halsall\mod\1630galileo.html|
|>||#29 Faith can never conflict with reason||ext=TML||http:\\www.cco.caltech.edu\~newman\sci-cp\sci-9211.html|
|>||#30 The Pope's 1996 statement on evolution||http:\\www.natcenscied.org\pope.htm|
|>||#31 Origins of Life Links||http:\\www.resa.net\nasa\links_origins_life.htm|
|>||#32 The Beginnings of Life on Earth, by de Duve||ext=TML||http:\\www.sigmaxi.org\amsci\articles\95articles\CdeDuve.html|
|>||#33 Recent Scientific Papers on ALH 84001||ext=TML||http:\\cass.jsc.nasa.gov\lpi\meteorites\alhnpap.html|
|>||#34 Weizmann Institute's New Theory: The Origin Of Life||ext=TML||http:\\wis-wander.weizmann.ac.il\weizmann\doa_iis.dll\Serve\item\English\220.127.116.11.html|
|>||#35 The 2nd law of thermodynamics||ext=TML||http:\\www.talkorigins.org\faqs\thermo\probability.html|
|>||#36 The Second Law of Thermodynamics!||ext=OM\||http:\\www.secondlaw.com\|
|>||#37 ENTROPY and the Second Law of Thermodynamics!||ext=OM\||http:\\www.2ndlaw.com\|
|>||#38 Radiometric Dating A Christian Perspective||ext=TML||http:\\asa.calvin.edu\ASA\resources\Wiens.html|
|>||#39 Answers In Genesis||ext=RG\||http:\\www.answersingenesis.org\|
|>||#40 Transitional Vertebrate Fossils||ext=TML||http:\\www.talkorigins.org\faqs\faq-transitional.html|
|>||#41 Observed Instances of Speciation||ext=TML||http:\\www.talkorigins.org\faqs\faq-speciation.html|
|>||#42 Common Ancestry Of Monkeys, Apes And Humans||http:\\www.sciencedaily.com\releases\2000\03\000317052241.htm|
|>||#43 Speciation by Punctuated Equilibrium||ext=TML||http:\\www.cs.colorado.edu\~lindsay\creation\punk_eek.html|
|>||#44 What Would We Expect to Find if the World had Flooded?||ext=TML||http:\\www.geocities.com\Tokyo\Temple\9917\flood.html|
|>||#45 The World's Oldest Living Thing||http:\\daphne.palomar.edu\wayne\ww0601.htm|
|>||#46 Is the Earth Young?||ext=TML||http:\\www.geocities.com\CapeCanaveral\8851\young-earth.html|
|>||#47 Does the Bible Teach a Young Earth?||ext=TML||http:\\www.geocities.com\Athens\Delphi\8449\days.html|
|>||#48 Is the Young-Earth Interpretation Biblical?||ext=TML||http:\\www.jps.net\bygrace\youngearth\youngearth.html|
|>||#49 How Good Are Those Young-Earth Arguments?||ext=TML||http:\\www.primenet.com\~lippard\matson-vs-hovind.html|
|>||#50 The Taylor Site "Man Tracks"||http:\\members.aol.com\paluxy2\tsite.htm|
|>||#51 Church will pay $57 million to settle child sex abuse cases.||ext=TML||http:\\www.smh.com.au\news\0203\07\world\world11.html|
|>||#52 Sexual abuse by priests scandal erupts in||ext=TML||http:\\www.smh.com.au\news\0202\24\world\world13.html|
|>||#54 I guess Boston got a little too hot for them||ext=TML||http:\\www.smh.com.au\news\0202\13\world\world10.html|
|>||#55 black hearts||ext=TML||http:\\www.whatreallyhappened.com\ATHEISM\inquisition.html|
|>||#56 Catholics getting fed up with recent church scandals||ext=NIA||http:\\latimes.com\news\local\la-000018977mar15.column?coll=la%2Dheadlines%2Dcalifornia|
|>||#57 Church Sex Scandal Continues To Explode Across The Nation||ext=R=1||http:\\story.news.yahoo.com\news?tmpl=story&u=\nyt\20020316\ts_nyt\as_scandal_keeps_growing__church_and_its_faithful_reel&printer=1|
|>||#58 New York Cardinal covered-up for molesting priests.||ext=ORY||http:\\www.newsday.com\news\local\state\ny-usegan0317.story|
|>||#59 Collection of stories about church sex scandal||ext=AL\||http:\\uspolitics.about.com\cs\catholicscandal\|
|>||#60 Catholic Church wrestles with pedophilia||ext=TML||http:\\www.thejournalnews.com\newsroom\020302\03egan.html|
|>||#61 Scandal puts Law legacy, church credibility at risk||http:\\www2.bostonherald.com\news\local_regional\expe01252002.htm|
|>||#62 Church newspaper questions whether celibacy should be required of priests||ext=TML||http:\\www.smh.com.au\news\0203\18\world\world16.html|
|>||#63 And the Presbyterians....||ext=TML||http:\\seattlepi.nwsource.com\local\63062_calvin20.shtml|
|>||#64 Yet another church sex scandal||http:\\www.dfw.com\mld\startelegram\2896588.htm|
|>||#65 Church Sex Scandal Crisis Spreads||ext=UAL||http:\\www.latimes.com\news\nationworld\nation\la-000018547mar13.story?coll=la%2Dheadlines%2Dnation%2Dmanual|
|>||#66 Church bribed witnesses and faked reports to protect molesting priests||http:\\www.smh.com.au\articles\2002\03\24\25usa-priests.htm|
|>||#67 Church settles with woman made pregnant by priest||ext=ORY||http:\\www.latimes.com\news\local\la-040202priest.story|
|>||#68 Los Angeles' Cardinal Mahoney Accused of Sexual Abuse||ext=NTV||http:\\www.msnbc.com\news\732931.asp?pne=msntv|
|>||#69 Cardinal Egan and two NY Bishops covered up for molesting priest||ext=NTV||http:\\www.msnbc.com\news\732931.asp?pne=msntv|
|>||#70 Wisconsin Archbishop Covered up for Molesting Priest||ext=MSN||http:\\www.msnbc.com\news\738476.asp?pne=msn|
|>||#71 450 new abuse victims surface in Boston||ext=TML||http:\\ap.tbo.com\ap\breaking\MGAF9DLH10D.html|
|(C) No Dated Links: Annotated References: HTB|
|(D) No Templates:|
|(E) No Internal Links, Absolute (non-dated):|
|(F) No Internal Links, Relative (non-dated and ignore lifehour credit links):|
|(G) No Current Directory Links|
Annotated References: AtheistAgnostics ... BodyTrade ... Catholics ... ChurchState ... Decline ... Estates ... FaithBased ... Fundamentalists ... General ... Georgia ... Hypocrites ... I-Chauvinism ... I-Hypocrisy ... I-Politics ... I-SexTrade ... I-Violence ... Islam ... Judism ... MarkTwain ... Miracles ... Mormon ... NonChristers ... Pornography ... Prayer ... Theocracies
|To Do List||Whole Scheme * Signup * Recruit * ISPs * Help * UPS * TTD? * BDC * Global Dying * MHC * Morality * 24in4 * Retiming|
|Navigate||ABCIndex * Image Bibs * IndexDir * Indexes * Rags * Reference Bibs * RefsMajor RefsYMD * Slideshows *|
|WebLinks||Timism.com * Timism.Net (F L) ... GlobalDying * Letters * Essays * MiniIndx * Writings|
|ManHeaven||Index * IndexDir * D2D * CO2 Sins * Forms * GOOHF * Ltrs * Oath * Index * Summary Tipping Pts * TTD-MH|
|Armadas||FlotillasLinks 6576, flObj, flObj$|
|Are You:||Ill-Employed ... WorkHog ... Rioter ... Moral ... Immigrant ... Habitual Politician ... Medical Staff ... Military ... ManHell Letters|
|Survival||SurfWisely * Timism vs. Habituals * Contract * Credo * Jack and Jill * Hope * What We Need * Leave Me Alone I hate you ... Ttd4U ... Modus Operandi|
|Tables||temp 091226-0724 ntvd error|